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This page still pertains to UD version 1.

Voice: voice

Description

For most Uralic languages, voice means mainly the active-passive distinction. Voice is a main feature of verb. The Uralic impersonal are marked as passive voice and other forms as active. Infinite verb forms that are not clearly either should not have a voice feature.

Act: Active voice

The subject of the verb is the doer of the action (agent), the object is affected by the action (patient).

Active examples

~̃~~ conllu

sentence-text: Kuinka paljon ihmiset oikeasti sitten olisivat valmiita maksamaan tästä huvista?

1 Kuinka kuinka ADV Adv _ 2 advmod _ _ 2 paljon paljon ADV Adv _ 8 advmod _ _ 3 ihmiset ihminen NOUN N Case=Nom|Number=Plur 7 nsubj:cop 8:nsubj _ 4 oikeasti oikeasti ADV Adv _ 7 advmod _ _ 5 sitten sitten ADV Adv _ 7 advmod _ _ 6 olisivat olla VERB V Mood=Cnd|Number=Plur|Person=3|VerbForm=Fin|Voice=Act 7 cop _ _ 7 valmiita valmis ADJ A Case=Par|Degree=Pos|Number=Plur 0 root _ _ 8 maksamaan maksaa VERB V Case=Ill|InfForm=3|Number=Sing|VerbForm=Inf|Voice=Act 7 xcomp _ _ 9 tästä tämä PRON Pron Case=Ela|Number=Sing|PronType=Dem 10 det _ _ 10 huvista huvi NOUN N Case=Ela|Number=Sing 8 nmod _ SpaceAfter=No 11 ? ? PUNCT Punct _ 7 punct _ _ ~̃~~

Pass: Passive voice

The subject of the verb is affected by the action (patient). The doer (agent) is either unexpressed or it appears as an object of the verb.

Passive examples

~~~ conllu

sentence-text: Yahoo lupaa yhdestä ip:stä 5000 kyselyä / per päivä, mutta minut bannattiin sieltä aina 300 kyselyn jälkeen.

1 Yahoo Yahoo PROPN N Case=Nom|Number=Sing 2 nsubj _ _ 2 lupaa luvata VERB V Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Fin|Voice=Act 0 root _ _ 3 yhdestä yksi NUM Num Case=Ela|Number=Sing|NumType=Card 4 nummod _ _ 4 ip:stä ip NOUN N Abbr=Yes|Case=Ela|Number=Sing 6 nmod _ _ 5 5000 5000 NUM Num NumType=Card 6 nummod _ _ 6 kyselyä kysely NOUN N Case=Par|Number=Sing 2 dobj _ _ 7 / / PUNCT Punct _ 6 punct _ _ 8 per per ADP Adp AdpType=Post 9 case _ _ 9 päivä päivä NOUN N Case=Nom|Number=Sing 6 nmod _ SpaceAfter=No 10 , , PUNCT Punct _ 2 punct _ _ 11 mutta mutta CONJ C _ 2 cc _ _ 12 minut minä PRON Pron Case=Acc|Number=Sing|Person=1|PronType=Prs 13 dobj _ _ 13 bannattiin bannata VERB V Mood=Ind|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Fin|Voice=Pass 2 conj _ _ 14 sieltä sieltä ADV Adv _ 13 advmod _ _ 15 aina aina ADV Adv _ 17 advmod _ _ 16 300 300 NUM Num NumType=Card 17 nummod _ _ 17 kyselyn kysely NOUN N Case=Gen|Number=Sing 13 nmod _ _ 18 jälkeen jälkeen ADP Adp AdpType=Post 17 case _ SpaceAfter=No 19 . . PUNCT Punct _ 2 punct _ _ ~̃~~


Voice in other languages: [bg] [cs] [en] [fi] [fr] [ga] [hu] [hy] [it] [ru] [sv] [tr] [u] [uk] [urj]