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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Voice: voice

In English, Voice=Pass applies to verbal past participles acting as predicate of a clause to indicate that they reflect passive voice as opposed to the active voice perfect.

The Voice feature is not used to explicitly mark active voice.

It is expected that a fuller account of voice in English belongs at the clause level rather than the morphological level (but no standard for clause-level features exists yet).

Pass: passive

Verbal past participle acting as predicate of a clause in the passive voice (as opposed to the active voice perfect).

To break this down:



Before UD v2.13, this feature was restricted to past participles with an explicit aux:pass dependent. For UD v2.13, this was broadened to include all past participles interpreted as passive.

Voice in other languages: [abq] [am] [arr] [bej] [bg] [bor] [ceb] [cs] [el] [eme] [en] [fi] [fr] [gn] [gub] [ha] [hu] [hy] [jaa] [ka] [ky] [myu] [qpm] [qtd] [quc] [ru] [sv] [tl] [tpn] [tr] [tt] [u] [uk] [urb] [urj] [xcl]