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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD Albanian TSA

Language: Albanian (code: sq)
Family: Indo-European, Albanian

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v2.6 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Marsida Toska.

Repository: UD_Albanian-TSA
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.13

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Genre: wiki

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Albanian-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [m_a_r_c_y_94 (æt) hotmail • com]. Development of the treebank happens directly in the UD repository, so you may submit bug fixes as pull requests against the dev branch.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually
UPOS annotated manually, natively in UD style
XPOS not available
Features annotated manually, natively in UD style
Relations annotated manually, natively in UD style


The UD Albanian Treebank is a small treebank for Standard Albanian, developed within a project framework at Uppsala University. The data was extracted from Wikipedia.

The UD Treebank for Standard Albanian (TSA) is a small treebank that consists of 60 sentences corresponding to 922 tokens. The data was collected from different Wikipedia entries. This treebank was created mainly manually following the Universal Dependencies guidelines. The lemmatization was performed using the lemmatizer https://bitbucket.org/timarkh/uniparser-albanian-grammar/src/master/ developed by the Albanian National Corpus team (Maria Morozova, Alexander Rusakov, Timofey Arkhangelskiy). Tagging and Morphological Analysis were semi-automated through python scripts and corrected manually, whereas Dependency relations were assigned fully manually. We encourage any initiatives to increase the size and/or improve the overall quality of the Treebank.


This treebank was created by Marsida Toska at Uppsala University under the supervision of Joakim Nivre.

Statistics of UD Albanian TSA

POS Tags






Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Relations Overview