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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD Italian ParlaMint

Language: Italian (code: it)
Family: Indo-European, Romance

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v2.11 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Chiara Alzetta, Marta Sartor, Simonetta Montemagni, Giulia Venturi.

Repository: UD_Italian-ParlaMint
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.13

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Genre: government, legal

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Italian-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [chiara • alzetta (æt) ilc • cnr • it]. Development of the treebank happens directly in the UD repository, so you may submit bug fixes as pull requests against the dev branch.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually
UPOS annotated manually, natively in UD style
XPOS not available
Features annotated manually, natively in UD style
Relations annotated manually, natively in UD style


ParlaMint-It is a collection of transcriptions of parliamentary sessions of the Italian Senate annotated in Universal Dependencies. The corpus is part of a larger multilingual collection of parliamentary transcripts built during the ParlaMint project (https://www.clarin.eu/parlamint).

ParlaMint-It is a sub-section of the Italian section of the ParlaMint corpus (Agnoloni et al., 2022) and includes sentences automatically annotated in the UD annotation scheme which were also manually revised. The internal composition reflects the original one of ParlaMint corpus covering debates collected during two time periods: the COVID-19 pandemic period (November 2019 - November 2020) and a previous period (March 2013 - October 2019) to be used as reference.

Sentence ids explicitly mark the source of the sentence in the whole ParlaMint corpus.


Statistics of UD Italian ParlaMint

POS Tags






Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Relations Overview