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VERB: verb

Definition

A verb typically denotes events and actions, can constitute a minimal predicate in a clause, and governs the number and types of other constituents which may occur in the clause. Verbs are often associated with grammatical categories like tense, mood, aspect and voice, which can either be expressed inflectionally or using auxilliary verbs or particles.

Τhe uninflected form that is used with the auxiliary έχω to form periphrastic tenses (e.g. έχω γράψει “I have written”, είχα γράψει “I had written”, θα έχω γράψει “I will have written”) is assigned the VerbForm=Inf feature-value pair. Mood=… and VerbForm=Inf are mutually exclusive feature-value pairs.

Participles of verbs in use in Modern Greek ending in -μένος and -θείς are assigned the tag VERB and the features Aspect=…|Case=…|Gender=…|Number=…VerbForm=Part|Voice=Αct or Pass. Ηowever, there are formations in -μένος not related to a verb in use in Modern Greek, e.g., χιλιοτραγουδισμένος / chiliotragoudismenos “storied”, ξακουσμένος / ksakousmenos “famous”, etc; these are assigned the tag ADJ.

είμαι “to be” is assigned the tag AUX when it supports a participle or an adjective and otherwise the tag VERB.

Most verb forms inflect for Number, Person and are also tagged for Aspect, Mood, Tense and Voice.

Non-inflecting verb forms ending in -όντας, -ώντας (adverbial participles) share properties and usage of adverbs and verbs and are assigned the tag VERB, the specification VerbForm=Conv and are tagged for Aspect and Voice.

Examples

References

  Τζάρτζανος, Αχιλλέας, 2002. Νεοελληνική Σύνταξις της Κοινής Δημοτικής. Αθήνα: Εκδόσεις Κυριακίδη. σελ. 225. https://www.greek-language.gr/greekLang/modern_greek/tools/lexica/triantafyllides/


VERB in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cs] [cy] [da] [el] [en] [ess] [et] [eu] [fi] [fro] [fr] [ga] [grc] [hu] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [kpv] [myv] [no] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tr] [tt] [uk] [u] [urj] [yue] [zh]