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ADJ: adjective

Definition

Adjectives are words that typically modify nouns and specify their properties or attributes. They may also function as predicates, as in Το αυτοκίνητο είναι πράσινο. “The car is green.”

The ADJ tag is intended for ordinary adjectives only. See DET for determiners and NUM for cardinal numerals.

Αdjectival ordinal numerals that behave like adjectives both morphologically and syntactically (πρώτος, δεύτερος, εξηκοστός) are tagged as adjectives.

Examples

Nationalities are assigned the tag ADJ, e.g., Έλληνας / Elinas “Greek”, Ευρωπαίος / Evropeos “European”, Ασιάτης/ Asiatis “Asian” etc

Certain adjectives, which are assigned the tag NOUN or PROPN, do not form comparatives (of course, there are adjectives that do not allow for comparatives, such as νεκρός / nekros “dead”). These include:

Certain proper nouns PROPN are directly related with adjectives:

Ancient Greek adverbs are used as adjectives in Modern Greek: νυν / nin “current”, τέως / teos “past”; also, pieces of phrases received from older forms of the language: καθωσπρέπει / kathosprepi “proper” (these are originally two words written as one word nowadays).

Non-periphrastic comparative and superlative degrees (el-feat/Degree) of Greek adjectives are formed with a small set of suffixes or they have irregular forms:

Participles of verbs in use in Modern Greek ending in -μένος and -θείς are assigned the tag [VERB] and the relevant features Aspect=…|Case=…|Gender=…|Number=…VerbForm=Part|Voice=Αct or Pass. Ηowever, there are formations in -μένος not related to a verb in use in Modern Greek, e.g. χιλιοτραγουδισμένος / chiliotragoudismenos “storied”, ξακουσμένος / ksakousmenos “famous”, etc; these are assigned the tag ADJ.

When a participle depends on the verb είμαι /ime “to be”, the tag VERB and the syntactic tag aux are assigned to είμαι “to be”. The participle is assigned the tag VERB and bears values for the feature Voice.

Modern Greek expresses degree modification of nouns with a variety of morphological (and syntactic) means:

Greek adjectives inflect for el-feat/Gender (μεγάλος – μεγάλη – μεγάλο) “big”, el-feat/Number (μεγάλος – μεγάλοι) and el-feat/Case (μεγάλοι – μεγάλων – μεγάλους).

Examples

References

Κλαίρης, Χρήστος & Γεώργιος Μπαμπινώτης. 2001. Γραμματική της Νέας Ελληνικής Τόμος Γ’. 2η έκδοση. Αθήνα: Ελληνικά Γράμματα.

Τζάρτζανος, Αχιλλέας, 2002. Νεοελληνική Σύνταξις της Κοινής Δημοτικής. Αθήνα: Εκδόσεις Κυριακίδη. σελ. 225. https://www.greek-language.gr/greekLang/modern_greek/tools/lexica/triantafyllides/


ADJ in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [ca] [cs] [cy] [da] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fi] [fro] [fr] [ga] [grc] [hu] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [kpv] [myv] [no] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tr] [tt] [uk] [u] [urj] [yue] [zh]