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VERB: verb

Definition

A verb is a member of the syntactic class of words that typically signal events and actions, can constitute a minimal predicate in a clause, and govern the number and types of other constituents which may occur in the clause.

Note that the VERB tag covers main verbs (content verbs) and modal verbs but it does not cover auxiliary verbs, for which there is the AUX tag. (Ukrainian modal verbs are not considered auxiliary.) See the description of AUX for more information on the borderline between VERB and AUX.

Ukrainian verbs can take the following morphological forms:

There are participial forms that are tagged as adjectives (ADJ) rather than verbs. See below for border cases.

A verbal noun can be derived productively from almost every verb (e.g. робити  “to do” → робіння  “doing”). While in other languages a corresponding form may be called gerund and tagged VERB, in Ukrainian it is tagged NOUN. It has always the neuter uk-feat/Gender and it inflects for uk-feat/Number and uk-feat/Case.

Examples

Border cases

Passive and active adjectival participles are non-finite verb forms that share properties of verbs and adjectives.


VERB in other languages: [bg] [bm] [cs] [da] [en] [et] [eu] [fi] [fro] [fr] [ga] [grc] [hu] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [kpv] [myv] [no] [pcm] [pt] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tr] [uk] [u] [urj] [yue] [zh]