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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD Portuguese CINTIL

Language: Portuguese (code: pt)
Family: Indo-European, Romance

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v2.11 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Mariana Avelãs, António Branco, Marisa Campos, Catarina Carvalheiro, Rita Carvalho, Sérgio Castro, Francisco Costa, Cláudia Martins, Rita Pereira, Sílvia Pereira, Clara Pinto, Andreia Querido, Joana Ramos, João Silva, Sara Silveira.

Repository: UD_Portuguese-CINTIL
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.14

License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Genre: news, fiction, nonfiction, grammar-examples

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Portuguese-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [jrsilva (æt) fc • ul • pt]. Development of the treebank happens outside the UD repository. If there are bugs, either the original data source or the conversion procedure must be fixed. Do not submit pull requests against the UD repository.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
UPOS annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
XPOS annotated manually
Features annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
Relations annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD


CINTIL-UDep is a dependency bank of Portuguese that is treebanked with Universal Dependencies. It contains over 38K annotated sentences (and 476K tokens), of mostly newspaper text.

CINTIL-UDep is a dependency bank of Portuguese with 38,400 sentences (and nearly 476,000 tokens), that is treebanked with Universal Dependencies (UD).

CINTIL-UDep was obtained through the merger and automatic conversion to UD of two non-UD dependency banks, CINTIL-DependencyBank and CINTIL DependencyBank PREMIUM.

For more details, refer to (Branco et al., 2022), the canonical reference given below.


This work was partly supported by PORTULAN CLARIN Research Infrastructure for the Science and Technology of Language, funded by Lisboa 2020, Alentejo 2020, and FCT-Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia under the grant PINFRA/22117/2016; by FCT-Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia through the Portuguese project DP4LT (PTDC/EEI-SII/1940/2012); and by the European Commission through the European project QTLeap (EC/FP7/610516).

Several people have contributed to the creation of this treebank, from devising annotation guidelines and developing supporting tools, to manually annotating the text and data curation: Andreia Querido, António Branco, Catarina Carvalheiro, Clara Pinto, Cláudia Martins, Francisco Costa, Joana Ramos, João Silva, Mariana Avelãs, Marisa Campos, Rita Carvalho, Rita Pereira, Sara Silveira, Sérgio Castro, and Sílvia Pereira.

Statistics of UD Portuguese CINTIL

POS Tags






Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Relations Overview