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This page pertains to UD version 2.

PROPN: proper noun


A proper noun is a noun that is the name of a specific individual, place, object or organisation. In Irish, proper nouns always have initial capitalisation.

Personal names are treated as a sequence of proper nouns. Note that some Irish names have name particles, such as Mac, Ó, , etc., that form part of this sequence (e.g. Anne-Marie Nic Dhonncha). These particles are tagged as PART.

Similarly, placenames can occur as a string of proper nouns (e.g. Baile Átha Cliath “Dublin”), as can organisations (e.g. an iris Irish Computer “the Irish Computer magazine”). Sometimes these strings can have an internal structure containing other parts of speech such as determiners, for example (Parlaimint na hEorpa “the European Parliament”). In the case of counties (Co. Chiarraí), Co. is tagged as X (abbreviation), and the county as PROPN.

When initial mutation occurs with proper nouns in Irish, the inflection is lowercase, while the main form retains the initial capitalisation (e.g. i mBaile Átha Cliath “in Dublin”). Similarly, some titles can have lower-case prefixes (e.g. an t-iar-Ghobharnóir “the former Governor”).

Note that days of the week and months of the year in Irish, while capitialised, are not marked as proper nouns but common nouns instead.

Some abreviations are also marked as proper nouns.


PROPN in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cs] [cy] [da] [en] [et] [eu] [fi] [fro] [fr] [ga] [grc] [hu] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [kpv] [myv] [no] [pcm] [pt] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tr] [uk] [u] [urj] [yue] [zh]