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This page pertains to UD version 2.

PROPN: proper noun

PROPN: proper noun


A proper noun PROPN is a noun (or nominal content word) that is the name (or part of the name) of a specific individual, place, or object.

When a PROPN is formed by an ADJ and a noun, such as Μεγάλη Βδομάδα / Meghali Vdhomadha “Holy Week”, Λιμενικό Σώμα / Limeniko Soma “Coast Guard”, Άρειος Πάγος/ Arios Pagos “The Supreme Court” the adjective is tagged ADJ and the noun PROPN; the adjective modifies the noun via the syntactic dependency amod.

When other phrases or sentences are used as names, the component words retain their original tags. For example, in Δίωξη ναρκωτικών / Dioxi narkotikon “Drug Enforcement Agency”, both Δίωξη and ναρκωτικών are assigned the tag NOUN.

Τypical modifiers of propern nouns with shortened versions

The words κύριος, κυρία / kirios, kiria ‘mister, madam’ and their shortened version κυρ΄, κυρα receive the same lemma κύριος, κυρία, are assigned the tag ADJ and depend with the amod dependency on the proper noun they modify; however, when Κύριος is used with the meaning “the Lord” (see examples), it is assigned the tag PROPN, e.g., ο.DET κύριος.ADJ Χαρδάκος.PROPN, ένας.DET κύριος.ADJ

The adjective Άγιος ‘Saint’ (all genders) and its shortened version Αη receive the same lemma Άγιος, are assigned the tag ADJ and depend with the amod dependency on the proper noun it modifies, e.g. ο.DET Αγιος.ADJ Νικόλαος.PROPN, ο.DET Άη.ADJ Νικόλας.PROPN.

The noun παπάς ‘priest’ and the adjective “γέρος” ‘old’ and παλιός ‘old, bad’ normally receive the respective PoS tag and syntactic dependency. Their shortened versions παπα-, γερο-, παλιο- are attached to nouns or proper nouns with or without a -, e.g., παπα-Νικόλας, γεροναύτης ‘old sailor’. Similarly, the shortened versions κυρ΄, κυρα and Άη, Αγια- are sometimes spelled in this way (phonoligally they form units with the nouns they modify); such spellings are split into their two components and annotated like their full forms.


Acronyms of proper nouns, such as OHE / OIE “UN” and NATO are assigned the tag PROPN. If they contain numbers (as in various product names) but still consist of one token, they are tagged PROPN and not SYM. However, if a token in a multitoken PROPN consists entirely of digits or an independent word (like 7 in Windows 7, Τρείς Γέφυρες / Tris Gefires “Three Bridges”), it is tagged NUM. Also when acronyms are spelled out, e.g., #μου-μου-ε* (spelling out of the acronym MME) Μπε-εμ-βε “BMW”, they are assigned the tag PROPN.


Surnames in the GENitive case, like Κανέλλου / Kanelou (feminine) and Δημητρίου / Dimitriou (masculine/femnine), do not inflect and are assigned their own form as a lemma, e.g., the lemma is Κανέλλου.

PROPN in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cs] [cy] [da] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fi] [fro] [fr] [ga] [grc] [hu] [hy] [it] [ja] [ka] [kk] [kpv] [ky] [myv] [no] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tr] [tt] [uk] [u] [urj] [xcl] [yue] [zh]