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This page pertains to UD version 2.

mark: marker

A marker (mark) is the subordinating conjunction in a non-complement subordinate clause.

Kun tulin kotiin , jätin avaimen pöydälle . \n When I_came home , I_left key on_table .
mark(tulin-2, Kun-1)
nmod(tulin-2, kotiin-3)
punct(tulin-2, ,-4)
advcl(jätin-5, tulin-2)
obj(jätin-5, avaimen-6)
nmod(jätin-5, pöydälle-7)
punct(jätin-5, .-8)

The dependency relation mark is also used to identify the complementizer appearing in most clausal complements, where the head of the dependency is the main verb of the subordinate clause. The only complementizer in Finnish is että “that”. (These relations are annotated complm in TDT.)

Sanoin , että hän voi tulla . \n I_said , that he can come .
ccomp(Sanoin-1, tulla-6)
punct(tulla-6, ,-2)
mark(tulla-6, että-3)
nsubj(tulla-6, hän-4)
aux(tulla-6, voi-5)
punct(Sanoin-1, .-7)

The comparative conjunction (most commonly kuin, which corresponds roughly to “than” and “as” in English) is marked with the dependency type mark. The head of the dependency is the element being compared.

enemmän kuin haluaisin \n more than I_would_want
advcl(enemmän-1, haluaisin-3)
mark(haluaisin-3, kuin-2)

The main subordinating conjunctions are the following:

Note that the conjunction kuin can also serve as an adverb modifier advmod.

In addition to the basic subordinating conjunctions, the following words or word combinations can be considered subordinating conjunctions. Not all of these expressions have a direct counterpart in English, and thus the translations are approximate.


mark in other languages: [bg] [bm] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [es] [ess] [eu] [fi] [fr] [fro] [ga] [gsw] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [no] [pcm] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [vi] [yue] [zh]