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This page pertains to UD version 2.

ADP: adposition


The Cantonese ADP covers three categories of function words analyzed as adpositions: (1) prepositions, (2) valence markers, and (3) “localizers”/postpositions.

Prepositions introduce an extra argument to the event/main verb in a clause or give information about the time or the location or direction, etc.

Valence markers such as 將 / zoeng1 and the formal 被 / bei6 are also tagged ADP.

Localizers (also known as 方位詞 / fong1wai2ci4), typically indicate spatial information in relation to the noun preceding it. Some localizers have also grammaticalized into clausal markers indicating temporal information. Localizers with the clausal function are still tagged as ADP (but are labeled with the dependency relation mark).


ADP in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cs] [cy] [da] [el] [en] [es] [et] [fi] [fro] [fr] [ga] [gn] [grc] [gub] [hu] [hy] [it] [ja] [ka] [kk] [kpv] [ky] [myv] [no] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tpn] [tr] [tt] [uk] [u] [urj] [xcl] [yue] [zh]