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This page pertains to UD version 2.

ADP: adposition


The ADP tag is used exclusively for prepositions in Spanish, as the language does not have postpositions. Prepositions typically precede a noun or pronoun and provide additional information about its role in the sentence. They can indicate location, direction, time, manner, or other relationships.

List of prepositions in Spanish:

Note that some prepositions can be followed by a pronoun, creating contractions. In Universal Dependencies, these contractions are represented as multi-word tokens, with each part assigned its original POS tag. Here are two examples of sentences featuring the contractions al (a + el) “to the” and del (de + el) “of/from the”, which are the two typical contractions with prepositions in Spanish.

Example 1

# text = Vamos al parque
# text_en = Let's go to the park
1     Vamos    ir       VERB
2-3   al       _        _
2     a        a        ADP
3     el       el       DET
4     parque   parque   NOUN

Example 2

# text = La llave está debajo del coche
# text_en = The key is under the car
1     La       el       DET
2     llave    llave    NOUN
3     está     estar    AUX
4     debajo   debajo   ADP
5-6   del      _        _
5     de       de       ADP
6     el       el       DET
7     coche    coche    NOUN

In both examples, the contractions al and del are represented as multi-word tokens (2-3 and 5-6, respectively), with each part assigned its original POS tag (ADP for a and de DET for “el”).

ADP in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cs] [cy] [da] [el] [en] [es] [et] [fi] [fro] [fr] [ga] [gn] [grc] [gub] [hu] [hy] [it] [ja] [ka] [kk] [kpv] [ky] [myv] [no] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tpn] [tr] [tt] [uk] [u] [urj] [yue] [zh]