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ADP: adposition

Definition

Tatar only has postpositions. They occur after a complement noun phrase (or a nominal subordinate clause) and they form a single structure with the complement to express its grammatical and semantic relation to another unit within a clause.

A number of postpositions in Turkish are complex, derived from a closed set of nouns (see Göksel & Kerslake 2005, ch.17). Adpositions include турында or турыда and буенча, which are combinations of a noun(, a possessive suffix,) and a case suffix, as they are rather grammaticalized into a fixed form; for example, минем тур-ын-да (or минем тур-ы-да) “about me” is a correct phrase while _минем тур-ым-да (with the 1st person possessive agreement) is not. This category does not include ungrammaticalized counterparts such as аст-ын-да “below”, арка-сын-да “behind”, ярдәм-ен-дә “thanks to”, unlike Turkish UD. These pseudo-postposition expressions allow grammatical agreements with the preceding NP, for example сезнең ярдәм-егез-дә “thanks to you (pl.)” (with the 2nd person plural possessive suffix). These are marked as NOUN, whose morphological information is to be described in detail in the FEAT column. (TODO: this requires discussion).

Examples


ADP in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cs] [cy] [da] [el] [en] [et] [fi] [fro] [fr] [ga] [gn] [grc] [gub] [hu] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [kpv] [myv] [no] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tpn] [tr] [tt] [uk] [u] [urj] [yue] [zh]