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Treebank Statistics: UD_Italian-ISDT: POS Tags: PRON

There are 102 PRON lemmas (0%), 154 PRON types (1%) and 11295 PRON tokens (4%). Out of 17 observed tags, the rank of PRON is: 8 in number of lemmas, 9 in number of types and 10 in number of tokens.

The 10 most frequent PRON lemmas: si, che, ci, lo, chi, quello, cui, quale, ne, questo

The 10 most frequent PRON types: si, che, chi, ci, cui, lo, ne, qual, quanto, c’

The 10 most frequent ambiguous lemmas: che (PRON 2361, SCONJ 1266, DET 250, ADP 33, CCONJ 31, ADV 8), ci (PRON 579, ADV 1), lo (PRON 501, DET 4, NOUN 1, PROPN 1, X 1), quello (PRON 392, DET 147), cui (PRON 369, DET 41), quale (DET 514, PRON 314, ADP 19, ADV 5, SCONJ 2), questo (DET 767, PRON 236), tutto (DET 437, PRON 223, ADJ 12, ADV 10, NOUN 5), uno (DET 4605, PRON 217, NUM 46, ADJ 2), quanto (PRON 192, DET 183, ADV 76, ADP 5, SCONJ 4, CCONJ 1)

The 10 most frequent ambiguous types: che (PRON 2339, SCONJ 1258, DET 94, ADP 33, CCONJ 31, ADV 8), ci (PRON 347, ADV 1), cui (PRON 369, DET 41), lo (DET 620, PRON 326), ne (PRON 263, ADP 5), qual (PRON 4, SCONJ 1), quanto (PRON 106, ADV 53, ADP 5, DET 3, SCONJ 3, CCONJ 1), quale (DET 251, PRON 133, ADP 10, SCONJ 1), quello (PRON 142, DET 2), uno (PRON 136, DET 112, NUM 9)

Morphology

The form / lemma ratio of PRON is 1.509804 (the average of all parts of speech is 1.481130).

The 1st highest number of forms (5) was observed with the lemma “il”: Gli, l’, le, lo, l’.

The 2nd highest number of forms (5) was observed with the lemma “poco”: po’, poche, pochi, pochissimi, poco.

The 3rd highest number of forms (5) was observed with the lemma “quello”: quel, quella, quelle, quelli, quello.

PRON occurs with 7 features: PronType (11294; 100% instances), Number (4895; 43% instances), Clitic (4674; 41% instances), Person (4659; 41% instances), Gender (3037; 27% instances), Poss (32; 0% instances), Definite (2; 0% instances)

PRON occurs with 16 feature-value pairs: Clitic=Yes, Definite=Def, Gender=Fem, Gender=Masc, Number=Plur, Number=Sing, Person=1, Person=2, Person=3, Poss=Yes, PronType=Art, PronType=Dem, PronType=Ind, PronType=Int, PronType=Prs, PronType=Rel

PRON occurs with 62 feature combinations. The most frequent feature combination is PronType=Rel (2761 tokens). Examples: che, cui, chi, quale, quanto, quali, dove, chiunque, quando, quanti

Relations

PRON nodes are attached to their parents using 24 different relations: nsubj (2974; 26% instances), expl (2181; 19% instances), obj (1591; 14% instances), obl (1247; 11% instances), iobj (694; 6% instances), root (692; 6% instances), nmod (491; 4% instances), expl:impers (425; 4% instances), expl:pass (374; 3% instances), nsubj:pass (288; 3% instances), conj (186; 2% instances), obl:agent (45; 0% instances), appos (29; 0% instances), xcomp (22; 0% instances), ccomp (16; 0% instances), advcl (13; 0% instances), acl:relcl (8; 0% instances), dislocated (7; 0% instances), fixed (6; 0% instances), parataxis (2; 0% instances), acl (1; 0% instances), csubj (1; 0% instances), dep (1; 0% instances), orphan (1; 0% instances)

Parents of PRON nodes belong to 12 different parts of speech: VERB (9240; 82% instances), NOUN (766; 7% instances), (692; 6% instances), ADJ (359; 3% instances), PRON (133; 1% instances), PROPN (49; 0% instances), ADV (35; 0% instances), NUM (13; 0% instances), ADP (5; 0% instances), AUX (1; 0% instances), DET (1; 0% instances), INTJ (1; 0% instances)

7962 (70%) PRON nodes are leaves.

1506 (13%) PRON nodes have one child.

832 (7%) PRON nodes have two children.

995 (9%) PRON nodes have three or more children.

The highest child degree of a PRON node is 11.

Children of PRON nodes are attached using 32 different relations: case (1625; 24% instances), punct (1122; 17% instances), cop (696; 10% instances), nsubj (669; 10% instances), det (569; 8% instances), nmod (528; 8% instances), acl:relcl (450; 7% instances), advmod (220; 3% instances), cc (189; 3% instances), amod (151; 2% instances), conj (127; 2% instances), acl (110; 2% instances), appos (48; 1% instances), advcl (47; 1% instances), obl (43; 1% instances), aux (26; 0% instances), mark (25; 0% instances), nummod (12; 0% instances), parataxis (7; 0% instances), fixed (6; 0% instances), ccomp (5; 0% instances), orphan (5; 0% instances), csubj (3; 0% instances), det:predet (3; 0% instances), obj (3; 0% instances), discourse (2; 0% instances), aux:pass (1; 0% instances), dep (1; 0% instances), expl (1; 0% instances), nsubj:pass (1; 0% instances), vocative (1; 0% instances), xcomp (1; 0% instances)

Children of PRON nodes belong to 15 different parts of speech: ADP (1598; 24% instances), PUNCT (1122; 17% instances), NOUN (1011; 15% instances), AUX (724; 11% instances), VERB (601; 9% instances), DET (573; 9% instances), ADV (263; 4% instances), PROPN (242; 4% instances), ADJ (197; 3% instances), CCONJ (186; 3% instances), PRON (133; 2% instances), NUM (22; 0% instances), SCONJ (21; 0% instances), INTJ (2; 0% instances), X (2; 0% instances)