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This page pertains to UD version 2.

advcl: adverbial clause modifier

An adverbial clause modifier is a clause which acts as an adverb and modifies a verb or other predicate (adjective, etc.), as a modifier not as a core complement. This includes temporal, consequence, conditional and purpose clauses. The dependent must be clausal (or else it is an advmod) and the head is the main predicate of the clause.

The adverbial clause has a subject and a verb. The head of the adverbial clause is dependent on the head of the clause which it is modifying, usually attached to a verb. It is an adjunct so can be removed from the sentence and sentence does not become agrammatical.

Examples

Temporal

Nuair a bhí siad ag teacht ar ais, chonaic siad é ‘When they were coming back, they saw it’

Nuair a bhí siad ag teacht ar ais, chonaic siad é \n When [] were they at coming on back, saw they it
advcl(chonaic, bhí)

Ach nuair a bhíodar ag dul aníos casadh mairnéalach leo `But when they were going down, they met sailors’

Ach nuair a bhíodar ag dul aníos casadh mairnéalach leo \n But when [] were-they at going down  were-met sailors with-them
advcl(casadh, bhíodar)

NOTE: The word ‘agus’, usually meaning ‘and’, can also introduce a subordinate clause which can in turn function as a temporal adverb.

Agus ag rá na bhfocal úd i gCearnóg Pheadair, bhí fhios agam cheana féin go… `While I was speaking in Saint Peter’s Square, I already knew that…’

Agus mé ag rá na bhfocal úd i gCearnóg Pheadair, bhí fhios agam cheana féin go... \n And I at saying of_the word those in Square Peter's, was knowledge at_me already itself that...
advcl(bhí, mé)

Conditional

imríonn siad mar faoi is féidir leo, is dóigh liom go bhfillfidh siad ar Staid Semple ‘If they play as well as they can, I believe they will return to Semple Stadium’

Má imríonn siad mar faoi is féidir leo , is dóigh liom go bhfillfidh siad ar Staid Semple \n If play they as about be ability with-them , be belief with-me that will-return they to Stadium Semple
advcl(dóigh, imríonn)

Ní thugtar íocaíochtaí mura n-iarrtar iad `Payments are not given if they are not asked for’

Ní thugtar íocaíochtaí mura n-iarrtar iad \n Not given payments if-not requested them
advcl(thugtar, n-iarrtar)

advcl in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fi] [fr] [fro] [ga] [gsw] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [no] [pcm] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [urj] [yue] [zh]