home edit page issue tracker

This page pertains to UD version 2.

advcl: adverbial clause modifier

An adverbial subordinate clause (e.g. a clause answering the question why? How? Where? When? or a conditional, etc.), usually introduced by a subordinating conjunction or auxiliary (ⲉⲡⲉⲓⲇⲏ, ⲉⲣϣⲁⲛ), or a circumstantial converter (ⲉ/ⲉⲣⲉ).


ⲉⲛⲉ/CONJ ⲟⲩ/DET ⲙⲟⲛⲁⲭⲟⲥ/NOUN ⲛⲁⲙⲉ/ADV ⲡⲉ/AUX ⲛⲉ/AUX ϥ/PRON ⲛⲁ/AUX ⲣ/VERB ϣⲟⲙⲧ/NUM ⲙ/ADP ⲫⲟⲛⲟⲥ/NOUN \n ...if he were truly a monk, would he have committed three murders?


Rarely, we may also see a subordinate clause governed by a preposition, in which case the preposition is governed by the head of the clause and labeled mark, not case, even if there is also a second conjunction with a mark label.


ⲙⲛ/VERB ϣⲏⲣⲉ/NOUN ... ⲉⲧⲃⲉ/ADP ϫⲉ/CONJ ⲁ/AUX ⲩ/PRON ⲡⲱⲧ/VERB \n There are no children ... because (lit. for that) they have fled.

advcl(ⲙⲛ, ⲡⲱⲧ)
mark(ⲡⲱⲧ, ⲉⲧⲃⲉ)
mark(ⲡⲱⲧ, ϫⲉ)

This analysis keeps a parallel structure with a similar clause without the preposition (e.g. only with ϫⲉ to mean ‘because’).

advcl in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fi] [fr] [fro] [ga] [gn] [gsw] [gub] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [no] [pcm] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sv] [swl] [tpn] [tr] [u] [urj] [yue] [zh]