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ADV: adverb

ΑDV: adverb


Adverbs are words that typically modify verbs for place, time, manner or quantity. They may also modify adjectives and other adverbs, as in πολύ έξυπνος / poli eksipnos ‘very clever’, πολύ αργά / poli arga ‘very late.ADV’ respectively.

Some adverbs seem to form phrasal verbs (rare phenomenon in Greek), such as βάζω μπρος/μπροστά / vazo bros/brosta ‘to start an engine/to start operating’. Although they function as particles in a multiword expression, they are assigned the tag ADV and the multiword status of the expression is accounted for in syntax.

Adverbs may be assigned the PronType feature:

Modern Greek uses complex structures consisting of an adverb and an adposition: (μέσα σε) (lit: in to) μέσα: ADV σε: ADP, (ενάντια σε) (lit: contrary to) ενάντια: ADV σε: ADP. The ADP depends on the ADV wth the relation fixed.

Non-inflecting verb forms ending in -όντας, -ώντας (adverbial participles) share properties and usage of adverbs and verbs and are assigned the tag VERB, the specification VerbForm=Conv and are tagged for Aspect and Voice.

μετά and εντός may appear with a noun in the genitive case: the first denotes accompaniment, e.g., μετά ληστείας / meta listias ‘together with a robbery’ while both are structures inherited from older versions of the language, e.g. εντός δευτερολέπτων / entos defterolepton ‘within minutes’. In all these cases μετά and εντός are assigned the tag ADV.

The structure consisting of a pair of identical adverbs is a degree modification one, e.g., πάνω πάνω Lit. up up ‘on the very top’, πίσω πίσω Lit. back back ‘at the very back’, σιγά σιγά Lit. slowly slowly ‘very very slowly’, πονηρά πονηρά Lit. cuningly cuningly ‘very very cunningly’. Each adverb is assigned the tag ADV and the second adverb depends on the first one with the Compound:redup relation.

Multiword adverbs such as καλού-κακού Lit. of good-of bad ‘just to make sure’: both words are assigned the tag ADV and the second adverb depends on the first one with the fixed relation.



Holton, David, Peter Mackridge & Irene Philippaki-Warburton. 1997. Greek: A Comprehensive Grammar of the Modern Language. Routledge, London 1997; reprinted 1999, 2002 & 2004

Mackridge, Peter. 1985. The Modern Greek Language. A Descriptive Analysis of Standard Modern Greek. Oxford University Press, Oxford 1985. (Paperback edn, 1987, reprinted 1989 & 1992)

Κλαίρης, Χρήστος & Γεώργιος Μπαμπινώτης. 2001. Γραμματική της Νέας Ελληνικής Τόμος Γ’. 2η έκδοση. Αθήνα: Ελληνικά Γράμματα.

Τζάρτζανος, Αχιλλέας, 2002. Νεοελληνική Σύνταξις της Κοινής Δημοτικής. Αθήνα: Εκδόσεις Κυριακίδη. σελ. 225.


ADV in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [ca] [cs] [cy] [da] [el] [en] [es] [ess] [et] [eu] [fi] [fro] [fr] [ga] [grc] [gub] [hu] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [kpv] [myv] [no] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tr] [tt] [uk] [u] [urj] [yue] [zh]