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This page pertains to UD version 2.

ADV: adverb


Adverbs (副詞 / fùcí) typically modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs for such categories as time, manner, degree, frequency, or negation.

Some adverbs also modify clauses with conjunctive and discursive functions.

A small number of adverbs may also modify numerals and determiners, or nouns and pronouns.

There is a closed subclass of pronominal adverbs that refer to circumstances in context, rather than naming them directly; similarly to pronouns, these can be categorized as interrogative, demonstrative, etc. These should be treated as adverbs when modifying a predicate, but otherwise some of them can function as a nominal in the syntax, in which case they should be tagged PRON.

Note that although some adverbs express temporal information, many common time expressions (e.g., 今天 / jīntiān ‘today’, 去年 / qùnián “last year”, 晚上 / wǎnshàng “night”) are actually nouns and should be tagged NOUN. Those temporal nouns can pre-modify another noun by adding a 的 / de suffix but adverbs cannot.


ADV in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [ca] [cs] [cy] [da] [el] [en] [es] [ess] [et] [eu] [fi] [fro] [fr] [ga] [grc] [gub] [hu] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [kpv] [myv] [no] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tr] [tt] [uk] [u] [urj] [yue] [zh]