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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD Tagalog Ugnayan

Language: Tagalog (code: tl)
Family: Austronesian, Central Philippine

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v2.6 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Angelina Aquino.

Repository: UD_Tagalog-Ugnayan
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.10

License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Genre: fiction, nonfiction

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Tagalog-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [angelina • aquino (æt) eee • upd • edu • ph]. Development of the treebank happens outside the UD repository. If there are bugs, either the original data source or the conversion procedure must be fixed. Do not submit pull requests against the UD repository.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually
UPOS annotated manually, natively in UD style
XPOS not available
Features not available
Relations annotated manually, natively in UD style


Ugnayan is a manually annotated Tagalog treebank currently composed of educational fiction and nonfiction text. The treebank is under development at the University of the Philippines.

The treebank currently consists of 94 sentences (1011 tokens) of educational text from the DepEd Learning Resource Portal. The text data was manually annotated according to the UD guidelines, with the UP Diksiyonaryong Filipino (Virgilio Almario, 2001) and Gramar ng Filipino (Jonathan C. Malicsi, 2013) as native grammatical references. The treebank is licensed under the terms of CC BY-NC-SA 4.0.


Annotations were created by Angelina Aquino under the guidance of Dr. Franz de Leon (UP Electrical and Electronics Engineering Institute) and Dr. Mary Ann Bacolod (UP Department of Linguisitcs).

Statistics of UD Tagalog Ugnayan

POS Tags





Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Relations Overview