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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Treebank Statistics: UD_English-GUM: POS Tags: VERB

There are 1430 VERB lemmas (15%), 2399 VERB types (20%) and 8584 VERB tokens (11%). Out of 17 observed tags, the rank of VERB is: 4 in number of lemmas, 3 in number of types and 3 in number of tokens.

The 10 most frequent VERB lemmas: have, be, make, say, use, do, take, get, know, see

The 10 most frequent VERB types: have, make, said, are, get, see, is, do, want, know

The 10 most frequent ambiguous lemmas: have (AUX 362, VERB 308), be (AUX 2324, VERB 294), use (VERB 163, NOUN 16), do (AUX 267, VERB 141, PROPN 3, NOUN 1), take (VERB 136, NOUN 3), get (VERB 123, AUX 12, SCONJ 1), look (VERB 71, NOUN 4, ADJ 1), call (VERB 66, NOUN 3), give (VERB 65, SCONJ 1), start (VERB 58, NOUN 5)

The 10 most frequent ambiguous types: have (VERB 171, AUX 112), are (AUX 307, VERB 86), get (VERB 66, AUX 10), is (AUX 724, VERB 78), do (AUX 127, VERB 73, PROPN 3), has (AUX 120, VERB 67), take (VERB 57, NOUN 3), use (VERB 50, NOUN 14), had (AUX 71, VERB 44), look (VERB 38, NOUN 4)

Morphology

The form / lemma ratio of VERB is 1.677622 (the average of all parts of speech is 1.227664).

The 1st highest number of forms (12) was observed with the lemma “be”: ’s, are, be, been, being, is, was, were, where, ’m, ’re, ’s.

The 2nd highest number of forms (5) was observed with the lemma “break”: break, breaking, breaks, broke, broken.

The 3rd highest number of forms (5) was observed with the lemma “do”: did, do, does, doing, done.

VERB occurs with 5 features: VerbForm (8584; 100% instances), Tense (4723; 55% instances), Mood (2987; 35% instances), Number (836; 10% instances), Person (834; 10% instances)

VERB occurs with 10 feature-value pairs: Mood=Ind, Number=Sing, Person=1, Person=3, Tense=Past, Tense=Pres, VerbForm=Fin, VerbForm=Ger, VerbForm=Inf, VerbForm=Part

VERB occurs with 10 feature combinations. The most frequent feature combination is VerbForm=Inf (2753 tokens). Examples: make, have, get, see, do, take, use, know, find, go

Relations

VERB nodes are attached to their parents using 26 different relations: root (3051; 36% instances), advcl (1061; 12% instances), conj (1022; 12% instances), xcomp (780; 9% instances), acl (725; 8% instances), acl:relcl (608; 7% instances), ccomp (553; 6% instances), amod (280; 3% instances), parataxis (209; 2% instances), csubj (78; 1% instances), case (53; 1% instances), dep (36; 0% instances), compound (28; 0% instances), appos (24; 0% instances), discourse (15; 0% instances), obl (14; 0% instances), obj (13; 0% instances), nmod (11; 0% instances), nsubj (9; 0% instances), advmod (3; 0% instances), nsubj:pass (3; 0% instances), compound:prt (2; 0% instances), csubj:pass (2; 0% instances), fixed (2; 0% instances), cc (1; 0% instances), goeswith (1; 0% instances)

Parents of VERB nodes belong to 14 different parts of speech: VERB (3195; 37% instances), (3051; 36% instances), NOUN (1697; 20% instances), ADJ (376; 4% instances), PROPN (103; 1% instances), PRON (63; 1% instances), ADV (31; 0% instances), SCONJ (27; 0% instances), NUM (24; 0% instances), ADP (8; 0% instances), X (4; 0% instances), AUX (2; 0% instances), INTJ (2; 0% instances), PART (1; 0% instances)

411 (5%) VERB nodes are leaves.

768 (9%) VERB nodes have one child.

1569 (18%) VERB nodes have two children.

5836 (68%) VERB nodes have three or more children.

The highest child degree of a VERB node is 14.

Children of VERB nodes are attached using 36 different relations: punct (4782; 16% instances), nsubj (4103; 14% instances), obj (3651; 13% instances), obl (3451; 12% instances), advmod (2218; 8% instances), mark (2032; 7% instances), aux (1550; 5% instances), advcl (1122; 4% instances), cc (1003; 3% instances), conj (975; 3% instances), xcomp (951; 3% instances), aux:pass (675; 2% instances), ccomp (651; 2% instances), nsubj:pass (610; 2% instances), compound:prt (373; 1% instances), parataxis (217; 1% instances), expl (164; 1% instances), obl:tmod (118; 0% instances), dep (112; 0% instances), cop (81; 0% instances), iobj (75; 0% instances), discourse (46; 0% instances), csubj (44; 0% instances), obl:npmod (34; 0% instances), amod (33; 0% instances), case (25; 0% instances), acl:relcl (14; 0% instances), fixed (12; 0% instances), compound (11; 0% instances), vocative (9; 0% instances), appos (8; 0% instances), det (7; 0% instances), cc:preconj (6; 0% instances), dislocated (3; 0% instances), goeswith (3; 0% instances), csubj:pass (2; 0% instances)

Children of VERB nodes belong to 17 different parts of speech: NOUN (7470; 26% instances), PUNCT (4782; 16% instances), PRON (3478; 12% instances), VERB (3195; 11% instances), AUX (2314; 8% instances), ADV (1590; 5% instances), PART (1413; 5% instances), SCONJ (1267; 4% instances), PROPN (1236; 4% instances), CCONJ (994; 3% instances), ADJ (581; 2% instances), ADP (481; 2% instances), NUM (263; 1% instances), X (45; 0% instances), INTJ (43; 0% instances), SYM (12; 0% instances), DET (7; 0% instances)