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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Treebank Statistics: UD_English-GUM: Relations: expl

This relation is universal.

188 nodes (0%) are attached to their parents as expl.

183 instances of expl (97%) are right-to-left (child precedes parent). Average distance between parent and child is 1.32446808510638.

The following 4 pairs of parts of speech are connected with expl: VERB-PRON (172; 91% instances), NOUN-PRON (11; 6% instances), ADJ-PRON (4; 2% instances), ADV-PRON (1; 1% instances).

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1	There	There	PRON	EX	_	2	expl	_	_
2	were	be	VERB	VBD	Mood=Ind|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Fin	0	root	_	_
3	things	thing	NOUN	NNS	Number=Plur	2	nsubj	_	_
4	in	in	ADP	IN	_	6	case	_	_
5	the	the	DET	DT	Definite=Def|PronType=Art	6	det	_	_
6	shadows	shadow	NOUN	NNS	Number=Plur	2	obl	_	SpaceAfter=No
7	;	;	PUNCT	:	_	10	punct	_	_
8	a	a	DET	DT	Definite=Ind|PronType=Art	10	det	_	_
9	metal	metal	NOUN	NN	Number=Sing	10	compound	_	_
10	pail	pail	NOUN	NN	Number=Sing	3	appos	_	SpaceAfter=No
11	,	,	PUNCT	,	_	13	punct	_	_
12	a	a	DET	DT	Definite=Ind|PronType=Art	13	det	_	_
13	mop	mop	NOUN	NN	Number=Sing	10	conj	_	SpaceAfter=No
14	,	,	PUNCT	,	_	15	punct	_	_
15	rags	rag	NOUN	NNS	Number=Plur	10	conj	_	SpaceAfter=No
16	.	.	PUNCT	.	_	2	punct	_	_

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1	There	There	PRON	EX	_	5	expl	_	_
2	has	have	AUX	VBZ	Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Fin	5	aux	_	_
3	been	be	AUX	VBN	Tense=Past|VerbForm=Part	5	cop	_	_
4	much	much	ADJ	JJ	Degree=Pos	5	amod	_	_
5	speculation	speculation	NOUN	NN	Number=Sing	0	root	_	_
6	as	as	ADP	IN	_	9	case	_	_
7	to	to	PART	TO	_	6	fixed	_	_
8	the	the	DET	DT	Definite=Def|PronType=Art	9	det	_	_
9	reasons	reason	NOUN	NNS	Number=Plur	5	nmod	_	_
10	behind	behind	ADP	IN	_	11	case	_	_
11	it	it	PRON	PRP	Case=Acc|Gender=Neut|Number=Sing|Person=3|PronType=Prs	9	nmod	_	SpaceAfter=No
12	.	.	PUNCT	.	_	5	punct	_	_

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1	However	however	ADV	RB	_	6	advmod	_	SpaceAfter=No
2	,	,	PUNCT	,	_	1	punct	_	_
3	it	it	PRON	PRP	Case=Nom|Gender=Neut|Number=Sing|Person=3|PronType=Prs	6	expl	_	_
4	is	be	AUX	VBZ	Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Fin	6	cop	_	_
5	not	not	PART	RB	Polarity=Neg	6	advmod	_	_
6	enough	enough	ADJ	JJ	Degree=Pos	0	root	_	_
7	to	to	PART	TO	_	9	mark	_	_
8	have	have	AUX	VB	VerbForm=Inf	9	aux	_	_
9	attained	attain	VERB	VBN	Tense=Past|VerbForm=Part	6	csubj	_	_
10	such	such	ADJ	JJ	Degree=Pos	12	amod	_	_
11	native-like	native-like	ADJ	JJ	Degree=Pos	12	amod	_	_
12	levels	level	NOUN	NNS	Number=Plur	9	obj	_	SpaceAfter=No
13	.	.	PUNCT	.	_	6	punct	_	_