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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Number: number

Number is an inflectional feature of nouns and other parts of speech (determiners, adjectives, prepositions, verbs, etc.) that mark agreement with nouns. Nouns may have different singular and plural forms in each case (see Form for more on the noun declensions).

Verb endings frequently synthesise to show number and person. The first person singular and plural are always synthetic, while the other paradigms (except 3rd person singular) can be synthetic depending on Mood and Tense.

Words can be either singular or plural.

Sing: singular

Examples

Plur: plural

Examples

Noun forms in singular and plural for bád (“boat”), fuinneog (“window”), and am (“time”):

DeclensionCaseSingularPlural
FirstNominativebádbáid
FirstGenitivebáidbád
SecondNominativefuinneogfuinneoga
SecondGenitivefuinneoigefuinneog
ThirdNominativeamamanna
ThirdGenitiveamaammana

Verb Forms for deir (“say”), ól (“drink”), and imigh(“leave”):

PersonSingularPlural
1st (present ind.)DeirimDeirimid
ÓlaimÓlaimid
ImímImímid
2nd (imperative)AbairAbraigí
ÓlÓlaigí
ImighImígí
3rd (conditional)Deirfadh séDeirfaidís
Ólfadh séÓlfaidís
D'imfeadh séD'imfidís

Adjectival agreement:

Noun PhraseSingularPluralEnglish
An duineáitiúl"the local person"
Na daoineáitiúla"the local people"
focalbéasach"a polite word"
focailbéasacha"polite words"

Number in other languages: [bg] [bm] [cs] [en] [eu] [fi] [fr] [ga] [hu] [hy] [it] [kpv] [myv] [pcm] [pt] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tr] [u] [uk] [urj]