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This page pertains to UD version 2.

det: determiner

The detlabel marks the relationship between a noun and its determiner.

In Irish there is no indefinite article, only a definite article. The definite article can be singular (an) or plural (na).


an clárthe programme’

an clár \n the programme
det(clár, an)

an clárannathe programmes’

na cláranna \n the programmes
det(cláranna, na)

Two pre-determiners can occur before a noun:

gach uile ábharevery single subject’

gach uile ábhar \n every single subject 
det(ábhar, gach)
det(ábhar, uile)

Two determiners can be used each side of a noun: pre-determiners and post-determiners:

an tuairim sinthat opinion’ (an+sin = ‘that’)

an tuairim sin \n the opinion DEM
det(tuairim, an)
det(tuairim, sin)

an leabhar údthat book’

an leabhar úd \n the book DEM
det(leabhar, an)
det(leabhar, úd)

an alt seothis paragraph’

an alt seo \n the paragraph DEM
det(alt, an)
det(alt, seo)

an chéad cheannaire eilethe next leader’

an chéad cheannaire eile \n the first leader other
det(cheannaire, an)
det(cheannaire, eile)
quant(cheannaire, chéad)

NOTE: The article modifies depending on the noun which follows it in genitive constructions:

Scoil na gCailíníGirls’ School’

Scoil na gCailíní \n School of_the Girls'
det(gCailíní, na)

biaiste an tsamhraidhsummer season’

biaiste an tsamhraidh \n season of_the summer
det(tsamhraidh, an)

It must agree with the gender of the noun which follows it also, as shown below in the case of masculine and feminine nouns, respectively:

ar cheann an chalaidh ‘at the head of the port’

ar cheann an chalaidh \n on head of_the port
det(chalaidh, an)

ag tabhairt na difríochta faoi deara ‘noticing the difference’

ag tabhairt na difríochta faoi deara \n at giving of_the difference under perception
det(difríochta, na)

det in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [es] [eu] [fi] [fr] [fro] [ga] [gsw] [gub] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [ky] [no] [pcm] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sl] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [vi] [yue] [zh]