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This page pertains to UD version 2.

ADJ: adjective


Adjectives are words that typically modify nouns and specify their properties or attributes. They may also function as predicates, as in

El coche es verde. “The car is green.”

In Spanish, adjectives normally follow the noun, e.g. La casa amarilla “The yellow house”, although sometimes they may also precede the noun, e.g. La blanca nieve “The white snow”.

Adjectives in Spanish agree in number and gender with the noun they modify, e.g. la casa amarilla (femenine singular), las casas amarillas (femenine plural).


The class of adjectives in Spanish UD also includes ordinal numbers and participles. Ordinal numbers can function in different contexts, as adverbs (ADV) when modifying a verb (VERB), as adjectives (ADJ) when modifying a noun (NOUN). They are tagged ADJ in both situations (while the dependency relation will distinguish amod from advmod). Note that participles are word forms that may share properties and usage of adjectives and verbs. Depending on context, they may be classified as either VERB or ADJ. In the case of participial adjectives, the lemma is not the verb in the infinitive form, but rather the masculine singular form of the participle.

For example:

form: moderada; lemma: moderado “moderated” form: organizadas; lemma: organizado “organized”

In Spanish, there are two types of possessive adjectives: unstressed (mi, tu, su, nuestro, vuestro) and stressed (mío, tuyo, suyo, nuestro, vuestro). These possessive adjectives agree in gender and number with the noun they modify and are treated as DET within the UD framework.

ADJ in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [ca] [cs] [cy] [da] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fi] [fro] [fr] [ga] [grc] [hu] [hy] [it] [ja] [ka] [kk] [kpv] [ky] [myv] [no] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tr] [tt] [uk] [u] [urj] [vi] [xcl] [yue] [zh]