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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Treebank Statistics: UD_Romanian-Nonstandard: POS Tags: ADP

There are 122 ADP lemmas (1%), 240 ADP types (1%) and 66983 ADP tokens (12%). Out of 16 observed tags, the rank of ADP is: 8 in number of lemmas, 9 in number of types and 4 in number of tokens.

The 10 most frequent ADP lemmas: de, în, pe, cu, la, din, ca, întru, pentru, după

The 10 most frequent ADP types: de, cu, la, în, pre, din, pe, ca, pentru, după

The 10 most frequent ambiguous lemmas: de (ADP 13531, SCONJ 3218, CCONJ 16, ADV 13, NOUN 10, VERB 5), în (ADP 9098, ADV 4, NOUN 4, INTJ 1), pe (ADP 8658, ADV 1), cu (ADP 8150, SCONJ 3, CCONJ 1, NOUN 1), la (ADP 7928, INTJ 3, VERB 3), din (ADP 3779, ADV 1), ca (ADP 2403, ADV 104, SCONJ 42, CCONJ 2, PART 2, PRON 1), pentru (ADP 1878, SCONJ 18, CCONJ 1), după (ADP 1395, ADV 10, CCONJ 2, SCONJ 1), fără (ADP 1004, SCONJ 2)

The 10 most frequent ambiguous types: de (ADP 12113, SCONJ 2443, CCONJ 12, ADV 11, VERB 7, NOUN 6), cu (ADP 7283, SCONJ 3, CCONJ 1, NOUN 1), la (ADP 7398, INTJ 2, VERB 1), în (ADP 7390, ADV 1, NOUN 1), pre (ADP 5591, ADV 26), din (ADP 2280, ADV 1), pe (ADP 2203, ADV 1), ca (ADP 2029, ADV 81, SCONJ 45, CCONJ 2, PART 1, PRON 1), pentru (ADP 1287, SCONJ 16, CCONJ 1), după (ADP 1123, ADV 10, CCONJ 2, SCONJ 1)

Morphology

The form / lemma ratio of ADP is 1.967213 (the average of all parts of speech is 2.492163).

The 1st highest number of forms (20) was observed with the lemma “până”: Pan, pan’, pin, pin-, pân, pân’, pân-, până, până-, pân’, pîn, pîn’, pîn-, pînă, pînă-, păn, păn’, păn-, păn-‘, pănă.

The 2nd highest number of forms (11) was observed with the lemma “pe”: p, p-, pe, pe-, pentru, pi, pre, pre-, pri, prе, pă.

The 3rd highest number of forms (10) was observed with the lemma “întru”: -ntr, -ntr-, -ntru, intr-, ntr, ntr-, pe, într, într-, întru.

ADP occurs with 4 features: AdpType (66981; 100% instances), Case (66981; 100% instances), Compound (9977; 15% instances), Polarity (1; 0% instances)

ADP occurs with 6 feature-value pairs: AdpType=Prep, Case=Acc, Case=Dat, Case=Gen, Compound=Yes, Polarity=Pos

ADP occurs with 7 feature combinations. The most frequent feature combination is AdpType=Prep|Case=Acc (56361 tokens). Examples: de, cu, la, în, pre, pe, ca, întru, -n, spre

Relations

ADP nodes are attached to their parents using 21 different relations: case (59438; 89% instances), mark (4843; 7% instances), fixed (2329; 3% instances), obl:pmod (149; 0% instances), nmod (111; 0% instances), compound (30; 0% instances), advmod (20; 0% instances), acl (14; 0% instances), advmod:tmod (14; 0% instances), obl (10; 0% instances), xcomp (5; 0% instances), conj (4; 0% instances), root (4; 0% instances), nsubj (3; 0% instances), nmod:tmod (2; 0% instances), parataxis (2; 0% instances), cc (1; 0% instances), det (1; 0% instances), goeswith (1; 0% instances), iobj (1; 0% instances), obj (1; 0% instances)

Parents of ADP nodes belong to 14 different parts of speech: NOUN (41272; 62% instances), PRON (10459; 16% instances), PROPN (7311; 11% instances), ADP (2327; 3% instances), ADV (2252; 3% instances), VERB (2236; 3% instances), NUM (804; 1% instances), ADJ (207; 0% instances), DET (71; 0% instances), AUX (21; 0% instances), INTJ (8; 0% instances), CCONJ (7; 0% instances), (4; 0% instances), X (4; 0% instances)

63487 (95%) ADP nodes are leaves.

3463 (5%) ADP nodes have one child.

24 (0%) ADP nodes have two children.

9 (0%) ADP nodes have three or more children.

The highest child degree of a ADP node is 6.

Children of ADP nodes are attached using 20 different relations: fixed (3460; 98% instances), punct (33; 1% instances), case (8; 0% instances), conj (7; 0% instances), cop (6; 0% instances), nmod (6; 0% instances), advmod (5; 0% instances), advcl (3; 0% instances), mark (3; 0% instances), obl (3; 0% instances), cc (2; 0% instances), csubj (2; 0% instances), det (2; 0% instances), iobj (2; 0% instances), acl (1; 0% instances), advmod:tmod (1; 0% instances), goeswith (1; 0% instances), nsubj (1; 0% instances), obj (1; 0% instances), vocative (1; 0% instances)

Children of ADP nodes belong to 13 different parts of speech: ADP (2327; 66% instances), PART (942; 27% instances), SCONJ (110; 3% instances), ADV (54; 2% instances), PUNCT (33; 1% instances), NOUN (29; 1% instances), CCONJ (17; 0% instances), PRON (16; 0% instances), AUX (6; 0% instances), DET (5; 0% instances), VERB (5; 0% instances), PROPN (3; 0% instances), ADJ (1; 0% instances)