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This page pertains to UD version 2.

csubj: clausal subject

A clausal subject is a clausal syntactic subject of a clause, i.e., the subject is itself a clause.

Taking a nap will relax you !
csubj(relax, Taking)

The governor of this relation might not always be a verb: when the verb is a copular verb, the root of the clause is the complement of the copular verb:

Whether he lied is beside the point .
csubj(point, lied)
mark(lied, Whether)
nsubj(lied, he)
cop(point, is)
case(point, beside)
det(point, the)

Special cases include csubj:pass for clausal subjects of passive clauses, and csubj:outer for clausal subjects of copular clauses whose predicate is itself a clause.

This relation often occurs in extraposition constructions alongside expl. See further discussion and examples on the universal dependency page (u-dep/expl).

csubj in other languages: [bg] [bm] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fi] [fr] [fro] [ga] [gsw] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [kpv] [no] [pcm] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [vi] [yue] [zh]