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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Polarity: whether the word can be or is negated

Values: Neg Pos

In Czech, negation is mostly done using the bound morpheme ne-, and an independent negating particle (equivalent to English “not”) is rarely seen. Words that can take the morpheme of negation have the feature of polarity.

It applies to verbs, adjectives, sometimes also adverbs and even nouns. (Most nouns have just Polarity=Pos; deverbative nouns can have also Polarity=Neg. Occasionally, other nouns can be negated to denote the complement of the original noun: plavec “swimmer” vs. neplavec “non-swimmer”.)

Note that Polarity=Neg is not the same thing as PronType=Neg. For pronouns and other pronominal parts of speech there is no such binary opposition as for verbs and adjectives. (There is no such thing as “affirmative pronoun”.)

Pos: positive, affirmative


Neg: negative


Polarity in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cs] [el] [en] [es] [et] [fi] [fr] [ga] [gd] [gub] [hy] [jaa] [ky] [pcm] [qpm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tn] [tr] [tt] [u] [uk] [urj]