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This page pertains to UD version 2.

aux: auxiliary

The relation between a lexical verb and a conjugation base marks the base as aux to the verb, as shown below. This applies to all tripartite conjugation bases, but NOT to converters, which receive the mark label.

ⲁ/AUX ⲩ/PRON ⲥⲟⲧⲡ/VERB ⲥ/PRON \n They chose her (or: she was chosen)
nsubj(ⲥⲟⲧⲡ, ⲩ)
aux(ⲥⲟⲧⲡ, ⲁ) 
dobj(ⲥⲟⲧⲡ, ⲥ)

Some other elements that are marked as aux include the future auxiliary ⲛⲁ (tagged FUT) and the potential verb ϣ ‘be able to’, which is marked as an auxiliary to the lexical verb that follows it. This should not be confused with the impersonal verb ϣϣⲉ ‘it is appropriate’, which is treated as a main verb governing an infinitive.

In indefinite durative tenses, the existential elements ⲟⲩⲛ/ⲙⲛ (ⲟⲩⲛ ⲣⲱⲙⲉ ⲥⲱⲧⲙ ‘exists a man hearing’ = ‘a man is hearing’, or negated with ⲙⲛ) are also considered auxiliaries:

ⲟⲩⲛ/AUX ⲣⲱⲙⲉ/NOUN ⲥⲱⲧⲙ/VERB \n A man is hearing


But in pure existential clauses, ⲟⲩⲛ/ⲙⲛ are considered roots

ⲙⲛ/VERB ϭⲟⲙ/NOUN ⲙⲙⲟ/ADP ⲩ/PRON \n No power exists for them


Presentative ⲉⲓⲥ in similar constructions is not considered an auxiliary or predicate, but is analyzed as advmod (see Special Constructions)

aux in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [cop] [cs] [de] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fi] [fr] [fro] [gsw] [gub] [hy] [id] [it] [ja] [ka] [kk] [ky] [myv] [no] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ro] [ru] [sl] [sv] [swl] [tr] [u] [urj] [vi] [yue] [zh]