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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD Chinese GSD

Language: Chinese (code: zh)
Family: Sino-Tibetan

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v1.3 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Mo Shen, Ryan McDonald, Daniel Zeman.

Repository: UD_Chinese-GSD
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ

License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Genre: wiki

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Chinese-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [zeman (æt) ufal • mff • cuni • cz]. The UD version of this treebank currently does not have a maintainer. If you know the language and want to help, please consider adopting the treebank.

Annotation Source
Lemmas assigned by a program, not checked manually
UPOS annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
XPOS annotated manually
Features assigned by a program, not checked manually
Relations annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD


Traditional Chinese Universal Dependencies Treebank annotated and converted by Google.


Statistics of UD Chinese GSD

POS Tags






Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

  • Number
    • Plur
      • NOUN: 人們
      • PART: 們
      • PRON: 他們, 它們, 我們, 牠們, 她們
  • Case
    • Gen
      • ADP: 之外
      • PART: 的, 之, 地
  • Degree and Polarity

  • Polarity
    • Neg
      • ADV: 不, 未, 沒, 別, 無
  • Verbal Features

  • Aspect
    • Perf
      • PART: 了, 過
      • X: 了
    • Prog
      • PART: 著
  • Mood
    • Inter
      • X: 呢, 嗎, 啊
  • Voice
    • Cau
      • ADP: 以
      • VERB: 將, 以, 使, 把, 讓, 使得, 令, 導致, 要求, 派
    • Pass
      • VERB: 被, 為
  • Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

  • NumType
    • Card
      • NUM: 一, 兩, 三, 1, 第一, 3, 12, 5, 2, 8
  • Person
    • 1
      • PRON: 我, 我們
    • 2
      • PRON: 你, 妳, 您
    • 3
      • PRON: 他, 其, 她, 它, 他們, 它們, 牠們, 她們, 牠, 祂
  • Other Features


    Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

    Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

    Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

    Relations Overview