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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Treebank Statistics: UD_Gothic-PROIEL: Features: Voice

This feature is universal. It occurs with 2 different values: Act, Pass.

12749 tokens (23%) have a non-empty value of Voice. 4283 types (49%) occur at least once with a non-empty value of Voice. 1163 lemmas (35%) occur at least once with a non-empty value of Voice. The feature is used with 2 part-of-speech tags: VERB (11214; 20% instances), AUX (1535; 3% instances).

VERB

11214 VERB tokens (100% of all VERB tokens) have a non-empty value of Voice.

The most frequent other feature values with which VERB and Voice co-occurred: Gender=EMPTY (8650; 77%), Strength=EMPTY (8648; 77%), Case=EMPTY (8647; 77%), VerbForm=Fin (7858; 70%), Tense=Pres (6836; 61%), Number=Sing (6832; 61%), Mood=Ind (6200; 55%).

VERB tokens may have the following values of Voice:

Paradigm qiþanActPass
Aspect=Perf|Case=Acc|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Strength=Strong|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partqiþanana
Aspect=Perf|Case=Acc|Gender=Neut|Number=Plur|Strength=Weak|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partqiþanona
Aspect=Perf|Case=Gen|Gender=Neut|Number=Sing|Strength=Strong|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partqiþanis
Aspect=Perf|Case=Nom|Gender=Neut|Number=Sing|Strength=Strong|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partqiþan
Aspect=Perf|Case=Nom|Gender=Neut|Number=Sing|Strength=Weak|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partqiþano
Case=Acc|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partqiþandan
Case=Dat|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partqiþandin
Case=Dat|Gender=Neut|Number=Plur|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partqiþandam
Case=Gen|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partqiþandins
Case=Nom|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Strength=Strong|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partqiþands
Case=Nom|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partqiþandane
Case=Nom|Gender=Masc|Number=Plur|Strength=Strong|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partqiþandans
Case=Nom|Gender=Masc|Number=Plur|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partqiþandans
Case=Nom|Gender=Fem|Number=Sing|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partqiþandei
Case=Nom|Gender=Fem|Number=Plur|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partqiþandeins
Case=Nom|Gender=Neut|Number=Sing|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partqiþando
Mood=Imp|Number=Sing|Person=2|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finqiþ
Mood=Imp|Number=Plur|Person=1|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finqiþam
Mood=Imp|Number=Plur|Person=2|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finqiþiþ, qiþid
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=1|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finqaþ
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=1|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finqiþa, qiþ
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=2|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finqast
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=2|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finqiþis
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finqaþ
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finqiþiþqiþada
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=1|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finqiþam
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=2|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finqiþiþ
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finqeþun
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finqiþand
Mood=Opt|Number=Sing|Person=1|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finqeþjau
Mood=Opt|Number=Sing|Person=1|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finqiþau
Mood=Opt|Number=Sing|Person=2|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finqiþais
Mood=Opt|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finqeþi
Mood=Opt|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finqiþai
Mood=Opt|Number=Dual|Person=2|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finqiþaits
Mood=Opt|Number=Plur|Person=1|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finqiþaima
Mood=Opt|Number=Plur|Person=2|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finqiþeiþ
Mood=Opt|Number=Plur|Person=2|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finqiþaiþ
Mood=Opt|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finqeþeina, qiþeina
Mood=Opt|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finqiþaina
Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Infqiþan

AUX

1535 AUX tokens (100% of all AUX tokens) have a non-empty value of Voice.

The most frequent other feature values with which AUX and Voice co-occurred: VerbForm=Fin (1411; 92%), Mood=Ind (1229; 80%), Tense=Pres (1159; 76%), Number=Sing (1106; 72%), Person=3 (1057; 69%).

AUX tokens may have the following values of Voice:

Paradigm wisanActPass
Aspect=Perf|Case=Acc|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Strength=Strong|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partwisan
Case=Acc|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partwisandan
Case=Acc|Gender=Masc|Number=Plur|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partwisandans
Case=Acc|Gender=Neut|Number=Sing|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partwisando
Case=Dat|Gender=Masc,Neut|Number=Plur|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partwisandam
Case=Dat|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partwisandin
Case=Dat|Gender=Masc|Number=Plur|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partwisandam
Case=Dat|Gender=Fem|Number=Sing|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partwisandein, wisandin
Case=Dat|Gender=Fem|Number=Plur|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partwisandeim
Case=Dat|Gender=Neut|Number=Sing|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partwisandin
Case=Gen|Gender=Masc,Neut|Number=Sing|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partwisandins
Case=Gen|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partwisandins
Case=Nom|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Strength=Strong|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partwisands
Case=Nom|Gender=Masc|Number=Plur|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partwisandans
Case=Nom|Gender=Fem|Number=Sing|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partwisandei
Case=Nom|Gender=Neut|Number=Plur|Strength=Weak|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partwisandona
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=1|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finwas
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=1|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finim
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=2|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finwast
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=2|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finis
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finwas
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finist
Mood=Ind|Number=Dual|Person=1|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finsiju
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=1|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finwesum
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=1|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finsijum, sium
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=2|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finwesuþ
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=2|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finsijuþ, siuþ, siud
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finwesun
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finsind
Mood=Opt|Number=Sing|Person=1|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finwesjau
Mood=Opt|Number=Sing|Person=1|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finsijau, siau
Mood=Opt|Number=Sing|Person=2|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finweiseis, weseis
Mood=Opt|Number=Sing|Person=2|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finsijais, siais
Mood=Opt|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finwesi
Mood=Opt|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finsijai, siai
Mood=Opt|Number=Plur|Person=1|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finweseima
Mood=Opt|Number=Plur|Person=1|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finsijaima
Mood=Opt|Number=Plur|Person=2|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finweseiþ
Mood=Opt|Number=Plur|Person=2|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finsijaiþ, sijaid
Mood=Opt|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finweseina
Mood=Opt|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finsijaina
Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Infwisan

Relations with Agreement in Voice

The 10 most frequent relations where parent and child node agree in Voice: VERB –[advcl]–> VERB (1826; 90%), VERB –[conj]–> VERB (1541; 92%), VERB –[ccomp]–> VERB (452; 93%), VERB –[xcomp]–> VERB (419; 77%), VERB –[nsubj]–> VERB (136; 89%), VERB –[obj]–> VERB (105; 80%), VERB –[dislocated]–> VERB (49; 84%), VERB –[parataxis]–> VERB (36; 86%), VERB –[iobj]–> VERB (25; 86%), AUX –[advcl]–> VERB (17; 85%).