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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Reflex: reflexive


Boolean feature, typically of pronouns or determiners. It tells whether the word is reflexive, i.e. refers to the subject of its clause.

Yes: it is reflexive

Note that there is no No value. If the word is not reflexive, the Reflex feature will just not be mentioned in the FEAT column: an empty value has the No meaning.

In all Slavic languages, including Pomak, the middle voice of verbs is formed by means of a verb form preceded or followed by a reflexive pronoun, whose Pomak variants are sa, se, só, sí (in East Slavic, like in North Germanic and Baltic languages, the reflexive pronoun is suffixed to the verb). This pronoun is the same for all persons and numbers and is governed by strict syntactic rules as to its position in the clause.


A small number of verbs are found only in the middle voice, e.g., čúdem so “(to) think”, brúčkom so “(to) be tyrannized, tortured”, šekóvom so etc.

Like most other Slavic languages, in addition to sa, se, só, Pomak has also the reflexive pronoun , which often precedes a wide variety of verb forms with different semantic effects such as:

To denote possession:

To denote an involvement of the subject other than that of the agent/instigator/cause, e.g., the patient or the beneficent:

To denote transition/return to a fixed point or previous condition/situation (mainly with verbs of motion such as hódem, dahódem, vráštom, zbírom, pribírom etc.)

Reflex in other languages: [bej] [bg] [cs] [en] [es] [ess] [fr] [ga] [hy] [it] [koi] [kpv] [ky] [mdf] [myv] [qpm] [ru] [sl] [sms] [tr] [tt] [u] [uk] [urj]