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This page pertains to UD version 2.

xcomp:pred: predicate

We extend the label xcomp as a UD Irish subtype xcomp:pred to mark predicates of the substantive verb (to be), which can have predicate arguments in the form of adverbial, adjectival and prepositional phrases and for cases where a secondary predicate occurs. Note that this differs from Irish (cop) constructions.

Examples

Bhí sé dochreidte go raibh sé fós beo `It was unbelieveable that he was still alive’

Adjectival Predicate

Bhí sé dochreidte go raibh sé fós beo \n Was it unbelieveable that was he still alive
xcomp:pred(Bhí, dochreidte)

Tá aibítir iaraiglifeach na hÉigipte léirithe ar clé. The Egyptian hieroglyphic alphabet is shown to the left.

Tá aibítir iaraiglifeach na hÉigipte léirithe ar clé. \n Is alphabet hieroglyphic of_the Egypt shown on left.
xcomp:pred(Tá, léirithe)

PP Predicate

Bhí teas ollmhór ann `It was very hot there

Bhí teas ollmhór ann \n Was heat great in_it 
xcomp:pred(Bhí, ann)

a bhí ina dhiaidh sin ina T.D. `who was later a T.D.

a bhí ina dhiaidh sin ina T.D. \n who was in_its after a T.D. 
xcomp:pred(bhí, T.D.)

Note that the head of the prepositional phrase is the noun.

Tá duine eile i_mbun peannaireachta `Someone else is in charge of writing’

Tá duine eile i_mbun peannaireachta \n Is someone else in_charge_of writing 
xcomp:pred(Tá, peannaireachta)
case(peannaireachta, i_mbun)

Adverbial Predicate

Tá Meryl Streep go hiontach sa scannán sin `Meryl Streep is wonderful in that movie’

Tá Meryl Streep go hiontach sa scannán sin \n Is Meryl Streep [] wonderful in movie that
xcomp:pred(Tá, hiontach)

Secondary Predicate

This label is also used for secondary predicates, i.e. where two predicates occur within one clause.

Shín mé amach díreach romham í agus fuair mé an áit folamh `I stretched it out in front of me and found the place empty

Shín mé amach díreach romham í agus fuair mé an áit folamh \n Stretched I out straight in_front_of_me it and found I the place empty 
xcomp:pred(fuair, folamh)

Note that the secondary predicate can also attach either to the verbal noun of verbs other than the substantive verb (to be) or to a noun.

D’fhéadfadh imreoir nó dhó seal a chaitheamh díomhaoin ón imirt dá bharr. `Some players could spend a while off the pitch because of it’

D'fhéadfadh imreoir nó dhó seal a chaitheamh díomhaoin ón imirt dá bharr. \n Could a_player or two a_while to spending idle from playing to_its reason.
xcomp:pred(chaitheamh, díomhaoin)

In the case of an adjectival secondary predicate attaching to a noun, note that the adjective in question does not agree with the noun in terms of gender or number.

Bhí Monte Carlo faoi fhurú, an áit beo le Sasanaigh. `Monte Carlo was a hive of activity, the place teeming with English people’

Bhí Monte Carlo faoi fhurú, an áit beo le Sasanaigh. \n Was Monte Carlo under activity, the place alive with English_people.
xcomp:pred( áit, beo)

xcomp:pred in other languages: [ga] [gd] [gv] [la] [pl] [sme]