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This page pertains to UD version 2.

compound:prt: phrasal particle

Phrasal particles (compound:prt) are used in connection with phrasal verbs, (partikkeliverbi, “particle verb” in Finnish grammar) where the particle is considered an integral part of the verb expression. The governor of the dependency is the verb, and the dependent is the phrasal particle.

Kävi ilmi , että ehdotus oli hyvä . \n Turned out , that the_suggestion was good .
compound:prt(Kävi-1, ilmi-2)
csubj(Kävi-1, hyvä-7)
punct(hyvä-7, ,-3)
mark(hyvä-7, että-4)
nsubj:cop(hyvä-7, ehdotus-5)
cop(hyvä-7, oli-6)
punct(hyvä-7, .-8)

Verb particles (see ISK §455 and §658) are the only case where particles are distinguished from adverbs in UD Finnish. This distinction can be made by the following rough rules. A word is a verbal particle if it, together with the verb, forms an expression that has a meaning that differs from the meaning of the verb alone, and if the word cannot be modified by an adverb.

For instance, laittaa kiinni (make closed, close) is not a phrasal verb, as kiinni can be modified.

Laitoin oven kokonaan kiinni. (I closed the door entirely.)

In contrast, ottaa kiinni (catch) is a phrasal verb, as it has a meaning distinct from the verb ottaa (take), and kiinni cannot be modified.

*Poliisi otti rosvon kokonaan kiinni. (*The police caught the robber entirely.)

The following verb expressions are considered phrasal verbs. Note that this list is not closed, but includes the phrasal verbs encountered corpus annotation. Also, due to the figurative meanings of many of these expressions, the English translations are approximate.


compound:prt in other languages: [de] [en] [fi] [ga] [gsw] [no] [pcm] [sv] [swl] [u]