home edit page issue tracker

This page pertains to UD version 2.

INTJ: interjection

Definition

An interjection is a word that is used most often as an exclamation or part of an exclamation. It typically expresses an emotional reaction, is not syntactically related to other accompanying expressions, and may include a combination of sounds not otherwise found in the language.

As a special case of interjections, we recognize feedback particles such as ano, jo, ne, etc. Note that these words are considered particles in the PDT tagset and have to be retagged during the conversion process.

Examples

(Note that no direct translation of interjections is possible. The approximate translations below are for orientation purposes and they cannot serve to judge the part of speech from the English perspective.)

Diffs

Prague Dependency Treebank

At present the UD-conversion of PDT keeps the PDT convention on tagging the response words (“yes, no”) as particles. Automatic conversion would not be straightforward because the negative particle ne is sometimes used as the response particle/interjection (English “no”) and sometimes as a free negative morpheme (English “not”). These two usages would have to be distinguished and only the first one converted to interjection.

References


INTJ in other languages: [bej] [bg] [bm] [ca] [cs] [cy] [da] [el] [en] [es] [et] [fi] [fro] [fr] [ga] [grc] [hy] [it] [ja] [kk] [kpv] [myv] [no] [pcm] [pt] [qpm] [ru] [sl] [sv] [tr] [tt] [uk] [u] [urj] [yue] [zh]