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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD French ParTUT

Language: French (code: fr)
Family: Indo-European, Romance

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v2.0 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Cristina Bosco, Manuela Sanguinetti.

Repository: UD_French-ParTUT
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ

License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Genre: legal, news, wiki

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either French-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [msanguin (æt) di • unito • it]. Development of the treebank happens outside the UD repository. If there are bugs, either the original data source or the conversion procedure must be fixed. Do not submit pull requests against the UD repository.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
UPOS annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
XPOS annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
Features annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
Relations annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD


UD_French-ParTUT is a conversion of a multilingual parallel treebank developed at the University of Turin, and consisting of a variety of text genres, including talks, legal texts and Wikipedia articles, among others.

UD_French-ParTUT data is derived from the already-existing parallel treebank Par(allel)TUT.

ParTUT is a morpho-syntactically annotated collection of Italian/French/English parallel sentences, which includes texts from different sources and representing different genres and domains, released in several formats.

ParTUT comprises approximately 167,000 tokens, with an average amount of 2,100 sentences per language. The texts of the collection currently available were gathered from a large number of sources and domains:

ParTUT data can be downloaded here and here.


We are deeply grateful to Project Syndicate© for letting us download and exploit their articles as text material, under the terms of educational use.

Statistics of UD French ParTUT

POS Tags






Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Relations Overview