Sing: singular number
A singular noun denotes one person, animal or thing.
- [en] car
Plur: plural number
A plural noun denotes several persons, animals or things.
- [en] cars
Dual: dual number
A dual noun denotes two persons, animals or things.
- [sl] singular glas “voice”, dual glasova “voices”, plural glasovi “voices”
- [ar] singular سَنَةٌ sanatun “year”, dual سَنَتَانِ sanatāni “years”, plural سِنُونَ sinūna “years”.
Tri: trial number
A trial pronoun denotes three persons, animals or things. It occurs in pronouns of several Austronesian languages.
Pauc: paucal number
A paucal noun denotes “a few” persons, animals or things.
Grpa: greater paucal number
A greater paucal noun denotes “more than several but not many” persons, animals or things. It occurs in Sursurunga, an Austronesian language.
Grpl: greater plural number
A greater plural noun denotes “many, all possible” persons, animals or things. Precise semantics varies across languages.
Inv: inverse number
Inverse number means non-default for that particular noun. (Some nouns are by default assumed to be singular, some plural.) Occurs e.g. in Kiowa.
Count count plural
Attested in Bulgarian and Macedonian. It is known variously as “counting form”,
“count plural” or “quantitative plural” (Sussex and Cubberley 2006, p. 324).
It is a special plural form of nouns if they occur after numerals.
(The form originates in the Proto-Slavic dual but it should not be marked
Number=Dual because 1. the dual vanished from Bulgarian and 2. the form is
no longer semantically tied to the number two.)
- [bg] tri stola “three chairs” vs. stolove “chairs”
Ptan: plurale tantum
Some nouns appear only in the plural form even though they denote one
thing (semantic singular); some tagsets mark this distinction.
Grammatically they behave like plurals, so
Plur is obviously the
back-off value here; however, if the language also marks gender, the
non-existence of singular form sometimes means that the gender is
unknown. In Czech, special type of numerals is used when counting
nouns that are plurale tantum (NumType = Sets).
- [en] scissors, pants
- [cs] nůžky, kalhoty
Coll: collective / mass / singulare tantum
Collective or mass or singulare tantum is a special case of singular. It applies to words that use grammatical singular to describe sets of objects, i.e. semantic plural. Although in theory they might be able to form plural, in practice it would be rarely semantically plausible. Sometimes, the plural form exists and means “several sorts of” or “several packages of”.
- [cs] lidstvo “mankind”
- Sussex, Roland and Cubberley, Paul. 2006. The Slavic Languages. Cambridge University Press.
Number in other languages: [am] [ar] [bg] [bxr] [ca] [ckb] [cop] [cs] [cu] [da] [de] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fa] [fi] [fo] [fr] [ga] [gl] [got] [grc] [he] [hi] [hr] [hu] [id] [it] [ja] [kk] [kmr] [ko] [la] [lv] [mr] [nl] [no] [pl] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sa] [sk] [sla] [sl] [so] [sr] [sv] [swl] [ta] [tr] [u] [ug] [uk] [ur] [urj] [vi] [yue] [zh]