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Case: case

Case is an inflectional feature of adjectives, determiners, nouns, numerals, pronouns and proper nouns, as well as a valency (lexical) feature of adpositions.

Slovenian morphology distinguishes six cases: Nom, Gen, Dat, Acc, Loc and Ins.

Nom: nominative

The base form of the noun, also used as citation form (lemma). This is the word form usually used for subjects of clauses and answers the question Kdo ali kaj (je)? “Who or what (is there)?”.

Gen: genitive

In addition to its prototypical meaning of a noun modifying another noun, genitive in Slovenian is used in certain syntactic positions, such as negation, or with certain prepositions. Word form in genetive answers the question Koga ali česa (ni)? “Who or what (is not there)?”

Dat: dative

This is the word form often used for indirect objects of verbs. It answers the question Komu ali čemu (dam)? “To whom or what (do I give)?”

Acc: accusative

This is the word form most frequently used for direct objects of verbs. It answers the question Koga ali kaj (vidim)? “Who or what (do I see)?”

Loc: locative

The locative case often expresses location in space or time, but non-locational meanings also exist. The locative word form answers the question O kom ali čem (govorim)? “Of whom or what (do I speak)?” and usually appears with a preposition.

Ins: instrumental

The instrumental case often expresses the instrument, means or accompaniment of an action, but other meanings also exist. The instrumental word form answers the question S kom ali čim (delam)? “With whom or what (do I work)?”

Conversion from JOS

Tokens with feature Case=nominative are converted to Case=Nom, tokens with feature Case=genitive are converted to Case=Gen, tokens with feature Case=dative are converted to Case=Dat, tokens with feature Case=accusative are converted to Case=Acc, tokens with feature Case=locative are converted to Case=Loc, tokens with feature Case=instrumental are converted to Case=Ins.


Case in other languages: [am] [ar] [bg] [bxr] [ca] [ckb] [cop] [cs] [cu] [da] [de] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fa] [fi] [fo] [fr] [ga] [gl] [got] [grc] [he] [hi] [hr] [hu] [id] [it] [ja] [kk] [kmr] [ko] [la] [lv] [mr] [nl] [no] [pl] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sa] [sk] [sla] [sl] [so] [sr] [sv] [swl] [ta] [tr] [u] [ug] [uk] [ur] [urj] [vi] [yue] [zh]