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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Treebank Statistics: UD_Russian-Taiga: Features: Voice

This feature is universal but the values Mid are language-specific. It occurs with 3 different values: Act, Mid, Pass.

24961 tokens (13%) have a non-empty value of Voice. 10658 types (28%) occur at least once with a non-empty value of Voice. 4331 lemmas (21%) occur at least once with a non-empty value of Voice. The feature is used with 2 part-of-speech tags: VERB (23645; 12% instances), AUX (1316; 1% instances).

VERB

23645 VERB tokens (96% of all VERB tokens) have a non-empty value of Voice.

The most frequent other feature values with which VERB and Voice co-occurred: Gender=EMPTY (17761; 75%), VerbForm=Fin (16768; 71%), Mood=Ind (15791; 67%), Aspect=Imp (13704; 58%), Person=EMPTY (13442; 57%), Number=Sing (12764; 54%).

VERB tokens may have the following values of Voice:

Paradigm говоритьActPassMid
Case=Dat|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partговорящему
Case=Ins|Gender=Fem|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partговорящей
Gender=Masc|Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finговорил
Gender=Fem|Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finговорила
Gender=Neut|Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finговорилось
Mood=Imp|Number=Sing|Person=2|VerbForm=Finговори
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=1|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finговорю
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=2|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finговоришь
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finговорит, гритговоритсяговорится
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=1|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finговорим
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=2|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finговорите
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finговорят
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finговорили
Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Convговоря
VerbForm=Infговорить

Voice seems to be lexical feature of VERB. 91% lemmas (3955) occur only with one value of Voice.

AUX

1316 AUX tokens (84% of all AUX tokens) have a non-empty value of Voice.

The most frequent other feature values with which AUX and Voice co-occurred: VerbForm=Fin (1193; 91%), Mood=Ind (1179; 90%), Aspect=Imp (999; 76%), Number=Sing (967; 73%), Person=EMPTY (839; 64%), Gender=EMPTY (730; 55%), Tense=Past (718; 55%).

AUX tokens may have the following values of Voice:

Relations with Agreement in Voice

The 10 most frequent relations where parent and child node agree in Voice: VERB –[conj]–> VERB (2720; 67%), VERB –[xcomp]–> VERB (1363; 72%), VERB –[parataxis]–> VERB (860; 65%), VERB –[advcl]–> VERB (737; 60%), VERB –[ccomp]–> VERB (452; 61%), AUX –[conj]–> VERB (18; 51%), VERB –[acl]–> VERB (13; 62%), VERB –[conj]–> AUX (12; 71%), VERB –[ccomp]–> AUX (8; 89%), VERB –[flat]–> VERB (8; 89%).