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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Treebank Statistics: UD_English-PUD: POS Tags: VERB

There are 740 VERB lemmas (15%), 1111 VERB types (19%) and 2150 VERB tokens (10%). Out of 17 observed tags, the rank of VERB is: 3 in number of lemmas, 3 in number of types and 4 in number of tokens.

The 10 most frequent VERB lemmas: have, say, be, take, make, use, become, work, begin, include

The 10 most frequent VERB types: have, said, used, took, has, began, are, had, is, became

The 10 most frequent ambiguous lemmas: have (AUX 165, VERB 65), be (AUX 651, VERB 49), use (VERB 27, NOUN 5), work (VERB 21, NOUN 5), do (AUX 32, VERB 16), lead (VERB 16, NOUN 2), help (VERB 15, NOUN 2), get (VERB 14, AUX 2), play (VERB 14, NOUN 1), return (VERB 11, NOUN 5)

The 10 most frequent ambiguous types: have (AUX 45, VERB 35), has (AUX 58, VERB 15), are (AUX 72, VERB 13), had (AUX 53, VERB 13), is (AUX 159, VERB 13, ADP 2), do (VERB 9, AUX 8), known (VERB 9, ADJ 1), left (VERB 8, ADJ 1), was (AUX 180, VERB 8), get (VERB 7, AUX 1)

Morphology

The form / lemma ratio of VERB is 1.501351 (the average of all parts of speech is 1.138338).

The 1st highest number of forms (8) was observed with the lemma “be”: ’s, are, be, been, being, is, was, were.

The 2nd highest number of forms (5) was observed with the lemma “begin”: began, begin, beginning, begins, begun.

The 3rd highest number of forms (5) was observed with the lemma “grow”: grew, grow, growing, grown, grows.

VERB occurs with 5 features: VerbForm (2147; 100% instances), Tense (1451; 67% instances), Mood (871; 41% instances), Number (197; 9% instances), Person (194; 9% instances)

VERB occurs with 9 feature-value pairs: Mood=Ind, Number=Sing, Person=3, Tense=Past, Tense=Pres, VerbForm=Fin, VerbForm=Ger, VerbForm=Inf, VerbForm=Part

VERB occurs with 10 feature combinations. The most frequent feature combination is Mood=Ind|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Fin (545 tokens). Examples: said, took, began, became, had, told, worked, were, allowed, decided

Relations

VERB nodes are attached to their parents using 22 different relations: root (797; 37% instances), advcl (262; 12% instances), conj (199; 9% instances), acl:relcl (187; 9% instances), xcomp (186; 9% instances), acl (184; 9% instances), ccomp (103; 5% instances), amod (88; 4% instances), parataxis (80; 4% instances), csubj (27; 1% instances), case (22; 1% instances), appos (2; 0% instances), compound (2; 0% instances), csubj:pass (2; 0% instances), nsubj (2; 0% instances), dislocated (1; 0% instances), fixed (1; 0% instances), nmod (1; 0% instances), nsubj:pass (1; 0% instances), obj (1; 0% instances), obl (1; 0% instances), orphan (1; 0% instances)

Parents of VERB nodes belong to 13 different parts of speech: (797; 37% instances), VERB (736; 34% instances), NOUN (461; 21% instances), ADJ (80; 4% instances), PROPN (46; 2% instances), PRON (10; 0% instances), ADV (5; 0% instances), AUX (5; 0% instances), NUM (4; 0% instances), ADP (2; 0% instances), SYM (2; 0% instances), SCONJ (1; 0% instances), X (1; 0% instances)

88 (4%) VERB nodes are leaves.

204 (9%) VERB nodes have one child.

381 (18%) VERB nodes have two children.

1477 (69%) VERB nodes have three or more children.

The highest child degree of a VERB node is 12.

Children of VERB nodes are attached using 38 different relations: punct (1492; 19% instances), nsubj (1112; 14% instances), obl (1101; 14% instances), obj (871; 11% instances), advmod (518; 7% instances), mark (499; 6% instances), aux (371; 5% instances), aux:pass (273; 4% instances), advcl (249; 3% instances), xcomp (243; 3% instances), nsubj:pass (237; 3% instances), cc (211; 3% instances), conj (200; 3% instances), ccomp (125; 2% instances), compound:prt (70; 1% instances), parataxis (69; 1% instances), expl (41; 1% instances), nmod:tmod (17; 0% instances), obl:tmod (16; 0% instances), compound (12; 0% instances), csubj (11; 0% instances), iobj (10; 0% instances), fixed (9; 0% instances), case (7; 0% instances), cop (4; 0% instances), obl:npmod (4; 0% instances), cc:preconj (3; 0% instances), csubj:pass (3; 0% instances), acl (2; 0% instances), amod (2; 0% instances), appos (2; 0% instances), nmod (2; 0% instances), acl:relcl (1; 0% instances), det (1; 0% instances), discourse (1; 0% instances), dislocated (1; 0% instances), flat (1; 0% instances), vocative (1; 0% instances)

Children of VERB nodes belong to 17 different parts of speech: NOUN (2149; 28% instances), PUNCT (1492; 19% instances), VERB (736; 9% instances), AUX (651; 8% instances), PRON (608; 8% instances), PROPN (579; 7% instances), ADV (490; 6% instances), PART (293; 4% instances), SCONJ (242; 3% instances), CCONJ (212; 3% instances), ADJ (112; 1% instances), ADP (96; 1% instances), NUM (94; 1% instances), DET (20; 0% instances), SYM (15; 0% instances), X (2; 0% instances), INTJ (1; 0% instances)