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This page pertains to UD version 2.

NameType: type of named entity

Values: Ast Cal Com Geo Giv Let Lit Met Nat Rel Sur Oth

The type of a named entity is applied to (proper) nouns and adjectives to broadly describe the category this nominal element is referring to.

This feature is token-based and does not take into account nested entities or additional layers of reference: this means, for example, that there is no value for titles of literary works, since these are usually made up of common nouns or other kinds of named entities (but see Lit). Still, the lexical feature Proper can be used to distinguish such strings.

Ast: name of astronomical/astrological entity

Term used to refer to a planet, a star, a region in space (like a constellation)…


Cal: name of calendrical entity

Term used to refer to one of many quantitative or qualitative subdivisions of time, such as, among others, months.

In Latin, months are originally adjectives, some of which derived by other names, but later they show a tendency to be reanalyzed as independent nouns.


Com: name of organised entity (“company”)

Name of any entity formed by human social activities: a group, a company, a society, a political party… Either a proper name, or a common name used antonomastically.


Geo: name of geographical entity

Name of any geographical entity: a city, a country, a mountain, a sea… also used for mythical or legendary places.

Also used for adjectives which refer to geographical (real or mythical) features rather than to dwellers of those (it has to be said that the distinction with respect to Nat may be blurry at times).


Giv: given name of person

The personal name(s), or the praenomen ‘first name’, the actual individual name of a person, distinct from the name of a gens, the “clan”, and the cognomen, a surname or nickname (see Sur). Many persons appear in history just with a given name.

This value is also used for names of legendary mortals or beasts, but not for gods, demigods, and the like (see Rel). It is not used for epithets (for which the feature Proper is more fitting).

It is also used for adjectives referring to personal names.


Let: name of letter or character

The name used to refer to a letter of the alphabet or any other literal character. It might coincide with the letter itself. The letter might be used as a variable or placeholder in mathematical or abstract formulations.


Lit: name of literary work

Specific name for a literary work, different from the title of a book or similar, which often is a phrase consisting of common terms.


Met: name of meteorological entity

Specific name given to an entity related with meteorological, atmospheric or similar events, such as winds.


Nat: designation of nationality

Term which indicates some kind of national or ethnic membership, possibly defined by ancestry, or inhabitants of a particular territory, city, or similar.

In Latin, it is very often an adjective, which can be used for persons and inanimated entites alike, and can be substantivised.


Rel: name of religious or mythical entity

Name or term used to refer to any non-mortal and/or numinous being of a religion, mythology, legend.

Mortal beings “regularly” receive the feature Giv instead.

It can also be assigned to adjectives, if they e.g. directly refer to a deity.


Sur: surname / family name of person

Any name of person different from the first, given name, and used to identify that person, but usually assigned to a larger group of people.

In Classical Rome, names (morphologically adjectives) for the gentes, the “clans”, and cognomina, surnames or nicknames (many coming from common nouns), were in use. Many nomina gentilicia became full-fledged praenomina later on.

Other epithets are treated by means of the feature Proper.


Oth: other

Names of other entities not covered by the existing features, such as buildings, events, and so on.


NameType in other languages: [cs] [hy] [ka] [la] [mdf] [myv] [orv] [ru] [u]