home edit page issue tracker

This page pertains to UD version 2.

Treebank Statistics: UD_Ancient_Greek-PROIEL: Features: Voice

This feature is universal but the values Mid are language-specific. It occurs with 3 different values: Act, Mid, Pass. Some words have combined values of the feature; 1 combinations have been observed: Mid|Pass.

43599 tokens (20%) have a non-empty value of Voice. 16920 types (52%) occur at least once with a non-empty value of Voice. 2874 lemmas (31%) occur at least once with a non-empty value of Voice. The feature is used with 2 part-of-speech tags: VERB (39662; 19% instances), AUX (3937; 2% instances).

VERB

39662 VERB tokens (100% of all VERB tokens) have a non-empty value of Voice.

The most frequent other feature values with which VERB and Voice co-occurred: Gender=EMPTY (28130; 71%), Case=EMPTY (28116; 71%), VerbForm=Fin (23923; 60%), Number=Sing (22413; 57%), Tense=Past (22410; 57%), Mood=Ind (19890; 50%).

VERB tokens may have the following values of Voice:

Paradigm καλέωActMid,PassPassMid
Aspect=Imp|Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finἐκάλεεἐκαλέετο
Aspect=Imp|Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=1|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finἐκαλέοντο
Aspect=Imp|Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finἐκάλεον, ἐκάλουνἐκαλέοντο, ἐκαλεῦντο
Aspect=Perf|Case=Acc|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partκαλέσαντα
Aspect=Perf|Case=Acc|Gender=Masc|Number=Plur|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partκεκλημένους, κληθέντας
Aspect=Perf|Case=Dat|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partκεκληκότι
Aspect=Perf|Case=Dat|Gender=Masc|Number=Plur|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partκεκλημένοις
Aspect=Perf|Case=Gen|Gender=Masc,Neut|Number=Sing|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partκαλέσαντος
Aspect=Perf|Case=Gen|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partκαλέσαντοςκληθέντος
Aspect=Perf|Case=Gen|Gender=Masc|Number=Plur|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partκεκλημένων
Aspect=Perf|Case=Nom|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partκαλέσας, κεκληκώςκληθεὶς, κεκλημένος
Aspect=Perf|Case=Nom|Gender=Masc|Number=Plur|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partκαλέσαντεςκεκλημένοι
Aspect=Perf|Case=Nom|Gender=Neut|Number=Sing|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partκληθὲν
Aspect=Perf|Mood=Imp|Number=Sing|Person=2|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finκάλεσον
Aspect=Perf|Mood=Imp|Number=Plur|Person=2|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finκαλέσατε
Aspect=Perf|Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=2|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finἐκλήθης
Aspect=Perf|Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finἐκάλεσεν, κέκληκεν, ἐκάλεσεἐκλήθη, κέκληται, κέκληταί
Aspect=Perf|Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=2|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finἐκλήθητε
Aspect=Perf|Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finἐκλήθησαν
Aspect=Perf|Mood=Sub|Number=Sing|Person=2|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finκληθῇς
Aspect=Perf|Mood=Sub|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finκαλέσῃ
Aspect=Perf|Mood=Sub|Number=Plur|Person=2|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finκαλέσητεκληθῆτε
Aspect=Perf|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Infκαλέσαικεκλῆσθαι, κληθῆναικαλέσασθαι, κεκλῆσθαι
Case=Acc|Gender=Masc,Neut|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partκαλεόμενον
Case=Acc|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partκαλέοντακαλούμενον, καλεόμενον
Case=Acc|Gender=Masc|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partκαλεομένους
Case=Acc|Gender=Fem|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partκαλεομένην, καλουμένην, καλευμένην
Case=Acc|Gender=Fem|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partκαλεομένας, καλευμένας
Case=Acc|Gender=Neut|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partκαλεόμενον, καλούμενον
Case=Acc|Gender=Neut|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partκαλεόμενα
Case=Dat|Gender=Masc,Neut|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partκαλεομένοισι
Case=Dat|Gender=Masc|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partκαλεομένοισι
Case=Dat|Gender=Fem|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partκαλεομένῃ, καλουμένῃ
Case=Dat|Gender=Fem|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partκαλεομένῃσι
Case=Gen|Gender=Masc,Neut|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partκαλοῦντοςκαλεομένου, καλουμένου
Case=Gen|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partκαλοῦντοςκαλευμένου, καλουμένου
Case=Gen|Gender=Masc|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partκαλεομένων
Case=Gen|Gender=Fem|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partκαλεομένηςκαλεομένης, καλουμένης
Case=Gen|Gender=Neut|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partκαλεομένου
Case=Nom|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partκαλέων, καλῶνκαλεόμενος, καλούμενος
Case=Nom|Gender=Masc|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partκαλέοντες, καλοῦντεςκαλεόμενοι, καλεύμενοι
Case=Nom|Gender=Fem|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partκαλεομένη, καλουμένη
Case=Nom|Gender=Fem|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partκαλεόμεναι
Mood=Imp|Number=Sing|Person=2|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finκάλει
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=1|Tense=Fut|VerbForm=Finκαλέσω
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=2|Tense=Fut|VerbForm=Finκαλέσειςκληθήσῃ
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Fut|VerbForm=Finκληθήσεται, κληθήσεταί
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Pqp|VerbForm=Finἐκέκλητο
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finκαλεῖ, καλέει, ἐκάλεσακαλέεται, καλεῖται
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=1|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finκαλέομεν
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=2|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finκαλεῖτε
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Fut|VerbForm=Finκαλέσουσινκληθήσονται
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finκαλέουσικαλέονται, καλεῦνται, καλοῦνται, ἐκαλέοντο
Mood=Opt|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finκαλέοικαλέοιτο
Mood=Opt|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finκαλέοιεν
Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Infκαλέειν, καλεῖνκαλέεσθαι, καλεῖσθαι

AUX

3937 AUX tokens (100% of all AUX tokens) have a non-empty value of Voice.

The most frequent other feature values with which AUX and Voice co-occurred: Case=EMPTY (3369; 86%), Gender=EMPTY (3369; 86%), Aspect=EMPTY (3143; 80%), VerbForm=Fin (2948; 75%), Tense=Pres (2900; 74%), Mood=Ind (2742; 70%), Number=Sing (2600; 66%), Person=3 (2452; 62%).

AUX tokens may have the following values of Voice:

Paradigm εἰμί#1ActMid
Aspect=Imp|Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=1|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finἤμην
Aspect=Imp|Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=2|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finἦς, ἔαςἦσθα
Aspect=Imp|Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finἦν, ἔσκε, ἣν
Aspect=Imp|Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=1|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finἦμενἤμεθα
Aspect=Imp|Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=2|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finἦτε, ἔατε
Aspect=Imp|Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finἦσαν, ἦσάν, ἔσκον
Aspect=Perf|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Infἔσεσθαι
Case=Acc|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐόντα, ὄντα
Case=Acc|Gender=Masc|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐόντας, ὄντας
Case=Acc|Gender=Fem|Number=Sing|Tense=Fut|VerbForm=Partἐσομένηνἐσομένην
Case=Acc|Gender=Fem|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐοῦσαν, οὖσαν
Case=Acc|Gender=Fem|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐούσας, ἐοῦσα
Case=Acc|Gender=Neut|Number=Sing|Tense=Fut|VerbForm=Partἐσόμενον
Case=Acc|Gender=Neut|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐὸν, ἐόν
Case=Acc|Gender=Neut|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐόντα, ὄντα
Case=Dat|Gender=Masc,Neut|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partοὖσιν
Case=Dat|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐόντι, ὄντι
Case=Dat|Gender=Masc|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐοῦσι, οὖσιν
Case=Dat|Gender=Fem|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partοὔσῃ, ἐούσῃ
Case=Dat|Gender=Neut|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐόντι
Case=Gen|Gender=Masc,Neut|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐόντος
Case=Gen|Gender=Masc,Neut|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐόντων
Case=Gen|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partὄντος, ἐόντος, ὄντων
Case=Gen|Gender=Masc|Number=Plur|Tense=Fut|VerbForm=Partἐσομένων
Case=Gen|Gender=Masc|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐόντων, ὄντων
Case=Gen|Gender=Fem|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐούσης, οὔσης
Case=Gen|Gender=Fem|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐουσέων, οὐσῶν
Case=Gen|Gender=Neut|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐόντος, ὄντος
Case=Gen|Gender=Neut|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐόντων, ὄντων
Case=Nom|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐὼν, ὢν, ἐών, ὤν
Case=Nom|Gender=Masc|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐόντες, ὄντες
Case=Nom|Gender=Fem|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐοῦσα, οὖσα, ἐοῦσαι
Case=Nom|Gender=Fem|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partοὖσαι, ἐοῦσαι
Case=Nom|Gender=Neut|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐὸν, ἐόν, ὂν
Case=Nom|Gender=Neut|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partἐόντα, ὄντα
Mood=Imp|Number=Sing|Person=2|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finἴσθι
Mood=Imp|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finἔστω, ἤτω
Mood=Imp|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finἔστωσαν
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=1|Tense=Fut|VerbForm=Finἔσομαι
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=1|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finεἰμι, εἰμὶ, εἰμί
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=2|Tense=Fut|VerbForm=Finἔσῃ, ἔσεαι, ἔσσῃ
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=2|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finεἶ, εἶς
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Fut|VerbForm=Finἔσται
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finἐστιν, ἐστὶ, ἔστιν, ἐστὶν, ἔστι, ἐστίν, ἐστί, ἐστι
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=1|Tense=Fut|VerbForm=Finἐσόμεθα
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=1|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finἐσμεν, ἐσμὲν, ἐσμέν, εἰμὲν
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=2|Tense=Fut|VerbForm=Finἔσεσθε, ἔσεσθέ
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=2|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finἐστε, ἐστὲ, ἐστέ
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Fut|VerbForm=Finἔσονται, ἔσονταί
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finεἰσὶ, εἰσιν, εἰσίν, εἰσὶν, εἰσί, εἰσι, εἱσι, εἶσὶ
Mood=Opt|Number=Sing|Person=1|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finεἴην
Mood=Opt|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Fut|VerbForm=Finἔσοιτο
Mood=Opt|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finεἴη
Mood=Opt|Number=Plur|Person=1|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finεἴημεν
Mood=Opt|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finεἶεν, εἴησαν
Mood=Sub|Number=Sing|Person=1|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Fin
Mood=Sub|Number=Sing|Person=2|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finᾖς
Mood=Sub|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Fin
Mood=Sub|Number=Plur|Person=1|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finὦμεν
Mood=Sub|Number=Plur|Person=2|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finἦτε
Mood=Sub|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finὦσιν, ἔωσι, ὠσὶν
Tense=Fut|VerbForm=Infἔσεσθαι, ἔσεσθαί
Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Infεἶναι, εἶναί

Relations with Agreement in Voice

The 10 most frequent relations where parent and child node agree in Voice: VERB –[advcl]–> VERB (4929; 54%), VERB –[conj]–> VERB (3004; 61%), VERB –[ccomp]–> VERB (987; 56%), VERB –[obj]–> VERB (327; 60%), VERB –[nsubj]–> VERB (278; 65%), VERB –[parataxis]–> VERB (89; 57%), VERB –[iobj]–> VERB (70; 52%), VERB –[ccomp]–> AUX (35; 66%), VERB –[advcl]–> AUX (27; 53%), VERB –[advmod]–> VERB (26; 62%).