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This page pertains to UD version 2.

csubj:outer: outer clause clausal subject

This relation specifies a clausal subject of a copular clause whose predicate is itself a clause, to signal that it is not the subject of the nested clause. See discussion of Predicate Clauses.

-ROOT- To hike in the mountains is to experience the best of nature .
root(-ROOT-, experience)
csubj:outer(experience, hike)
obl(hike, mountains)
mark(hike, To)
cop(experience, is)
mark(experience, to)
obj(experience, best)
For us to not attempt to solve the problem is for us to acknowledge defeat .
mark(attempt, For)
nsubj(attempt, us-2)
mark(attempt, to-3)
xcomp(attempt, solve)
csubj:outer(acknowledge, attempt)
cop(acknowledge, is)
mark(acknowledge, for)
nsubj(acknowledge, us-12)
obj(acknowledge, defeat)

The nominal counterpart of this relation is nsubj:outer.

The :outer subtype is not intended for most clausal subjects of copular clauses—only those where the predicate is itself a clause. Plain csubj (or another subtype) will be appropriate if the copular clause predicate is a nominal, adjective, etc.:

It is very important that your students respect you .
expl(important, It)
csubj(important, respect)

csubj:outer in other languages: [en] [gd] [ru] [sv] [u]