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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Treebank Statistics: UD_Russian-GSD: Features: Voice

This feature is universal but the values Mid are language-specific. It occurs with 3 different values: Act, Mid, Pass.

3796 tokens (4%) have a non-empty value of Voice. 2459 types (8%) occur at least once with a non-empty value of Voice. 1304 lemmas (7%) occur at least once with a non-empty value of Voice. The feature is used with 2 part-of-speech tags: VERB (3647; 4% instances), AUX (149; 0% instances).

VERB

3647 VERB tokens (43% of all VERB tokens) have a non-empty value of Voice.

The most frequent other feature values with which VERB and Voice co-occurred: Person=EMPTY (3002; 82%), Variant=EMPTY (2699; 74%), Number=Sing (2504; 69%), Tense=Past (2446; 67%), Mood=EMPTY (2216; 61%), VerbForm=Part (2063; 57%), Aspect=Perf (2039; 56%).

VERB tokens may have the following values of Voice:

Paradigm НАХОДИТЬСЯActMid
Animacy=Anim|Case=Acc|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partнаходящиеся
Animacy=Anim|Case=Gen|Number=Plur|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partнаходившихся
Animacy=Anim|Case=Gen|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partнаходящихся
Animacy=Anim|Case=Nom|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partнаходившийся
Animacy=Anim|Case=Nom|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partнаходящиеся
Animacy=Inan|Case=Acc|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partнаходившийся
Animacy=Inan|Case=Acc|Gender=Fem|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partнаходящуюся
Animacy=Inan|Case=Dat|Number=Plur|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partнаходившимся
Animacy=Inan|Case=Gen|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partнаходящихся
Animacy=Inan|Case=Ins|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partнаходящемся
Animacy=Inan|Case=Ins|Gender=Fem|Number=Sing|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partнаходившейся
Animacy=Inan|Case=Ins|Gender=Fem|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partнаходящейся
Animacy=Inan|Case=Ins|Gender=Neut|Number=Sing|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partнаходившимся
Animacy=Inan|Case=Loc|Gender=Fem|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partнаходящейся
Animacy=Inan|Case=Loc|Number=Plur|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partнаходившихся
Animacy=Inan|Case=Nom|Gender=Neut|Number=Sing|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Partнаходившееся
Animacy=Inan|Case=Nom|Number=Plur|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partнаходящиеся
Gender=Masc|Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finнаходился
Gender=Fem|Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finнаходилась
Gender=Neut|Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finнаходилось
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finнаходится
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finнаходятся
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finнаходились

Voice seems to be lexical feature of VERB. 92% lemmas (1194) occur only with one value of Voice.

AUX

149 AUX tokens (15% of all AUX tokens) have a non-empty value of Voice.

The most frequent other feature values with which AUX and Voice co-occurred: Mood=Ind (141; 95%), VerbForm=Fin (141; 95%), Aspect=Imp (140; 94%), Gender=EMPTY (122; 82%), Number=Sing (117; 79%), Tense=Pres (117; 79%), Person=3 (115; 77%).

AUX tokens may have the following values of Voice:

Paradigm ЯВЛЯТЬСЯActMid
Animacy=Anim|Case=Gen|Gender=Masc|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partявляющегося
Animacy=Inan|Case=Nom|Gender=Neut|Number=Sing|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Partявляющееся
Gender=Masc|Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finявлялся
Gender=Fem|Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finявлялась
Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finявляется
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Person=3|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Finявляются
Mood=Ind|Number=Plur|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Finявлялись
VerbForm=Infявляться

Relations with Agreement in Voice

The 10 most frequent relations where parent and child node agree in Voice: VERB –[advcl]–> AUX (2; 67%), VERB –[iobj]–> VERB (1; 100%).