Evidentiality is the morphological marking of a speaker’s source of information (Aikhenvald, 2004). It is sometimes viewed as a category of mood and modality.
Many different values are attested in the world’s languages. At present we only cover the firsthand vs. non-firsthand distinction, needed in Turkish. It distinguishes there the normal past tense (firsthand, also definite past tense, seen past tense) from the so-called miş-past (non-firsthand, renarrative, indefinite, heard past tense).
Aikhenvald also distinguishes reported evidentiality, occurring in Estonian and Latvian, among others. We currently use the quotative Mood for this.
Evident is a new universal feature in UD version 2. It was used as
a language-specific feature (under the name
Evidentiality) in UD v1 for Turkish.
- [tr] geldi (he/she/it came)
- [tr] gelmiş (he/she/it has come)
- Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. 2004. Evidentiality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Evident in other languages: [u]