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This page pertains to UD version 2.

ADP: adposition


Armenian has prepositions and postpositions but no circumpositions. They occur before or after complement noun phrase (noun, pronoun) and they form a single structure with the complement to express its grammatical and semantic relation to another unit within a clause.

Some prepositions take the form of fixed multiword expressions, e.g. ի սեր  “for the love of”, ի պատիվ  “in honor of”. The component words are then still tagged according to their basic use (ի  is ADP, սեր  is NOUN, etc.) and their status as multiword expressions is accounted for in the syntactic annotation.

Note, that the Armenian ADP covers also “localizers”. These are a closed set of postpositions (traditionally known as “improper adpositions”) which inflect for Case, Number[psor] and Person[psor] and typically indicate spatial information in relation to the noun preceding it. Localizers are still tagged as ADP, but are labeled with additional features and with special dependency relation case:loc:

Although a few localizers have further grammaticalized into adverbials denoting spatial concepts, localizers with the adverbial function are still tagged as ADP (but are labeled with additional features and with the dependency relation advmod).

Note also, that there is a number of case-marking elements (traditionally called “adpositional words”), derived from a closed set of nouns, adjectivs/participles or adverbs. They are still tagged ADP.


ADP in other languages: [am] [ar] [bg] [bxr] [ca] [ckb] [cop] [cs] [cu] [da] [de] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fa] [fi] [fo] [fr] [ga] [gl] [got] [grc] [he] [hi] [hr] [hu] [id] [it] [ja] [kk] [kmr] [ko] [la] [lv] [mr] [nl] [no] [pl] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sa] [sk] [sla] [sl] [so] [sr] [sv] [swl] [ta] [tr] [ug] [uk] [u] [urj] [ur] [vi] [yue] [zh]