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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Aspect: aspect

Values: Dur Imp Iter Perf Prog Prosp

Aspect is a feature that specifies duration of the action in time, whether the action has been completed etc. In Armenian some tenses are actually combinations of tense and aspect.

Note, that some aspectual meanings in (secondary) compound tenses may be expressed at participles.

Imp: imperfect aspect

The action took / takes / will take some time span and there is no information whether and when it was / will be completed.

Examples

Perf: perfect aspect

The action has been / will have been completed. Since there is emphasis on one point on the time scale (the point of completion), this aspect does not work well with the present tense.

The forms with resultative participles might better be defined as ‘perfect stative’.

Examples

Prosp: prospective aspect

In general, prospective aspect can be described as relative future: the action is/was/will be expected to take place at a moment that follows the reference point; the reference point itself can be in past, present or future.

In some contexts subjunctive and conditional forms may also indicate prospective aspect and signal an event that expected to take place. Prosp meaning prevails in conditional imperfect forms.

The future-II participle also indicate progressive aspect.

Examples

Prog: progressive aspect

Action is in progress with respect to current or a reference time. The converb indicate progressive aspect.

Examples

Dur: durative aspect

A situation or action that has persisted over a period of time and still continues.

The subject participle indicate durative aspect.

Examples

Iter: iterative

Denotes repeated action, with multiplicative or distributive meanings. Armenian has three main iterative markers -ատ , -ոտ , -տ  or root reduplication.

Note, that in Armenian iterative is considered as a lexical feature of verbs, thus they have morphologically related not iterative counterparts, but it is not a regular system and the two verbs are represented by different lemmas. We mark them as biaspectual.

Examples


Aspect in other languages: [am] [ar] [bg] [bxr] [ca] [ckb] [cop] [cs] [cu] [da] [de] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fa] [fo] [fr] [ga] [gl] [got] [grc] [he] [hi] [hr] [hu] [id] [it] [ja] [kk] [kmr] [ko] [la] [lv] [mr] [nl] [no] [pl] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sa] [sk] [sla] [sl] [so] [sr] [swl] [ta] [tr] [u] [ug] [uk] [ur] [urj] [vi] [yue] [zh]