home edit page issue tracker

This page pertains to UD version 2.

Animacy: animacy

Values: Hum Inan Nhum

In Armenian animacy is a lexical feature of nouns and some pronouns. Note that in release 2.2 we distinguish three values, human vs. non-human animate vs. inanimate.

See also the related feature of Definite.

Note also that some school grammars of Armenian distinguish between lexical Hum vs. Nhum or Anim vs. Inan features of nouns. There is antother classifaction: nouns that are human and inflected as Hum (as obj in Dat) vs. nouns that are animate or inanimate and inflected as Anim (as obj in Dat) vs. nouns that are human, animate or inanimate and inflected as Inan (as obj in Nom/Acc).

Hum: human

Human beings, fictional characters, names of professions etc. (but not animals) are all humans.

Nhum: non-human

This value is used for non-human animates (only animals).

Inan: inanimate

Nouns that are not animate are inanimate. Even nouns that are normally inanimate can be inflected as animate if they are personified. For instance, consider a children’s story about cars where cars live and talk as people; then the cars may become and be inflected as animates.


Animacy in other languages: [am] [ar] [bg] [bxr] [ca] [ckb] [cop] [cs] [cu] [da] [de] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fa] [fo] [fr] [ga] [gl] [got] [grc] [he] [hi] [hr] [hu] [id] [it] [ja] [kk] [kmr] [ko] [la] [lv] [mr] [nl] [no] [pl] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sa] [sk] [sla] [sl] [so] [sr] [swl] [ta] [tr] [u] [ug] [uk] [ur] [vi] [yue] [zh]