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NOUN: noun

Definition

A noun can be defined in Ancient Greek as the PoS inflecting for case, number, and (typically one) gender. Some adjectives might be confused with nouns, they being very often used as substantivized adjectives (e.g., Ἀθηναῖος). In general, the LSJ should be used if doubt arises.

Examples

References

Liddell, Henry George Liddell, and Robert Scott. 1940. A Greek-English lexicon. Revised by Sir Henry Stuart Jones with the assistance of Roderick McKenzie. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (Perseus Digital Library)


Treebank Statistics (UD_Ancient_Greek)

There are 6276 NOUN lemmas (39%), 14289 NOUN types (29%) and 45899 NOUN tokens (19%). Out of 13 observed tags, the rank of NOUN is: 1 in number of lemmas, 2 in number of types and 1 in number of tokens.

The 10 most frequent NOUN lemmas: ἀνήρ, θεός, ναῦς, πόλις, χείρ, Ὀδυσσεύς, γυνή, λόγος, ζεύς, παῖς

The 10 most frequent NOUN types: θεῶν, πόλιν, ἀνδρῶν, Ὀδυσσεύς, ἀνθρώπων, Ζεὺς, πατρὸς, ἀνὴρ, χρόνον, Διὸς

The 10 most frequent ambiguous lemmas: ναῦς (NOUN 520, ADV 1), φρήν (NOUN 197, ADJ 1), Ἕλλην (NOUN 167, ADJ 1), Ῥωμαῖος (NOUN 154, ADJ 7), βροτός (NOUN 116, ADJ 1), Καρχηδών (NOUN 109, ADJ 1), ξένος (NOUN 104, ADJ 37), Καρχηδόνιος (NOUN 102, ADJ 1), πλῆθος (NOUN 99, ADJ 2), βοῦς (NOUN 95, ADJ 1)

The 10 most frequent ambiguous types: Καρχηδονίων (NOUN 72, ADJ 1), Ἑλλήνων (NOUN 71, ADJ 1), Ῥωμαῖοι (NOUN 59, ADJ 1), Ἀθηναῖοι (NOUN 56, ADJ 1), χάριν (NOUN 51, ADP 10), Λακεδαιμόνιοι (NOUN 46, ADJ 1), ἀρχὴν (NOUN 42, ADV 2), ἡμέρας (NOUN 33, ADJ 1), εἷς (NOUN 31, ADJ 2, NUM 1), αἰτίας (NOUN 30, ADJ 2)

Morphology

The form / lemma ratio of NOUN is 2.276769 (the average of all parts of speech is 3.041201).

The 1st highest number of forms (39) was observed with the lemma “ναῦς”: νέα, νέας, νέες, νέεσσιν, νήεσσ̓, νήεσσι, νήεσσιν, ναυσί, ναυσίν, ναυσὶ, ναυσὶν, ναὸς, ναῒ, ναῦν, ναῦς, ναῶν, νεός, νεώς, νεὸς, νεὼς, νεῶν, νηί, νηυσί, νηυσίν, νηυσὶ, νηυσὶν, νηός, νηὶ, νηὸς, νηῒ, νηῦς, νηῶν, νᾶες, νῆ̓, νῆά, νῆάς, νῆα, νῆας, νῆες.

The 2nd highest number of forms (34) was observed with the lemma “χείρ”: χέρα, χέρας, χέρεσσιν, χέρσ̓, χείῤ, χείρεσσ̓, χείρεσσίν, χείρεσσι, χείρεσσιν, χειρί, χειροῖν, χειρός, χειρὶ, χειρὸς, χειρῶν, χερί, χεροῖν, χερσί, χερσίν, χερσὶ, χερσὶν, χερός, χερὶ, χερὸς, χερῶν, χεὶρ, χεῖῤ, χεῖρά, χεῖράς, χεῖρές, χεῖρα, χεῖρας, χεῖρε, χεῖρες.

The 3rd highest number of forms (31) was observed with the lemma “ἀνήρ”: τἀνδρός, τἀνδρὶ, τἀνδρὸς, ἀνέῤ, ἀνέρα, ἀνέρας, ἀνέρες, ἀνέρι, ἀνέρος, ἀνέρων, ἀνήρ, ἀνδράσι, ἀνδράσιν, ἀνδρί, ἀνδροῖν, ἀνδρός, ἀνδρὶ, ἀνδρὸς, ἀνδρῶν, ἀνὴρ, ἁνήρ, ἁνὴρ, ἄνδῤ, ἄνδρα, ἄνδρας, ἄνδρε, ἄνδρες, ἄνδρεσσι, ἅνδρες, ὡνὴρ, ὦνδρες.

NOUN occurs with 3 features: grc-feat/Case (45893; 100% instances), grc-feat/Number (45891; 100% instances), grc-feat/Gender (45795; 100% instances)

NOUN occurs with 11 feature-value pairs: Case=Acc, Case=Dat, Case=Gen, Case=Nom, Case=Voc, Gender=Fem, Gender=Masc, Gender=Neut, Number=Dual, Number=Plur, Number=Sing

NOUN occurs with 56 feature combinations. The most frequent feature combination is Case=Acc|Gender=Fem|Number=Sing (4944 tokens). Examples: πόλιν, γαῖαν, νῆα, γῆν, δίκην, δύναμιν, γυναῖκα, χάριν, ἡμέραν, χώραν

Relations

NOUN nodes are attached to their parents using 13 different relations: grc-dep/nmod (15659; 34% instances), grc-dep/dobj (14477; 32% instances), grc-dep/nsubj (8959; 20% instances), grc-dep/conj (3723; 8% instances), grc-dep/iobj (1344; 3% instances), grc-dep/xcomp (822; 2% instances), grc-dep/nsubjpass (330; 1% instances), grc-dep/root (311; 1% instances), grc-dep/advmod (238; 1% instances), grc-dep/appos (19; 0% instances), grc-dep/case (15; 0% instances), grc-dep/amod (1; 0% instances), grc-dep/cc (1; 0% instances)

Parents of NOUN nodes belong to 13 different parts of speech: VERB (31817; 69% instances), NOUN (9451; 21% instances), ADJ (2225; 5% instances), PRON (643; 1% instances), ADV (405; 1% instances), DET (330; 1% instances), ROOT (311; 1% instances), CONJ (266; 1% instances), PUNCT (238; 1% instances), ADP (106; 0% instances), SCONJ (99; 0% instances), NUM (7; 0% instances), X (1; 0% instances)

11440 (25%) NOUN nodes are leaves.

17246 (38%) NOUN nodes have one child.

10790 (24%) NOUN nodes have two children.

6423 (14%) NOUN nodes have three or more children.

The highest child degree of a NOUN node is 25.

Children of NOUN nodes are attached using 21 different relations: grc-dep/amod (14352; 23% instances), grc-dep/det (12471; 20% instances), grc-dep/case (9074; 15% instances), grc-dep/nmod (8457; 14% instances), grc-dep/punct (6180; 10% instances), grc-dep/advmod (3304; 5% instances), grc-dep/conj (3049; 5% instances), grc-dep/cc (2691; 4% instances), grc-dep/acl (1024; 2% instances), grc-dep/cop (618; 1% instances), grc-dep/nsubj (488; 1% instances), grc-dep/neg (133; 0% instances), grc-dep/xcomp (117; 0% instances), grc-dep/dobj (103; 0% instances), grc-dep/mark (79; 0% instances), grc-dep/iobj (54; 0% instances), grc-dep/advcl (49; 0% instances), grc-dep/appos (19; 0% instances), grc-dep/auxpass (3; 0% instances), grc-dep/ccomp (1; 0% instances), grc-dep/mwe (1; 0% instances)

Children of NOUN nodes belong to 13 different parts of speech: ADJ (13264; 21% instances), DET (12529; 20% instances), NOUN (9451; 15% instances), ADP (9038; 15% instances), PUNCT (6234; 10% instances), VERB (3726; 6% instances), ADV (3078; 5% instances), CONJ (2347; 4% instances), PRON (2336; 4% instances), NUM (206; 0% instances), SCONJ (54; 0% instances), INTJ (2; 0% instances), X (2; 0% instances)


Treebank Statistics (UD_Ancient_Greek-PROIEL)

There are 2986 NOUN lemmas (32%), 7547 NOUN types (23%) and 34445 NOUN tokens (17%). Out of 13 observed tags, the rank of NOUN is: 1 in number of lemmas, 2 in number of types and 2 in number of tokens.

The 10 most frequent NOUN lemmas: θεός, κύριος, ἄνθρωπος, ἀνήρ, λόγος, ἡμέρα, πατήρ, γυνή, βασιλεύς, πόλις

The 10 most frequent NOUN types: θεοῦ, θεὸς, κυρίου, λόγον, θεῷ, πόλιν, κύριος, ἀνθρώπων, γῆς, πνεῦμα

The 10 most frequent ambiguous lemmas: κύριος (NOUN 673, ADJ 4), Πέρσης (NOUN 307, PROPN 1), δοῦλος (NOUN 129, ADJ 3), Ἴων (NOUN 126, PROPN 1), Λυδός (NOUN 96, PROPN 2), δικαιοσύνη (NOUN 84, ADJ 1), Μῆδος (NOUN 82, ADJ 1), θύρα (NOUN 49, VERB 1), φίλος (NOUN 45, ADJ 7), Σκύθης (NOUN 44, PROPN 4)

The 10 most frequent ambiguous types: νέας (NOUN 71, ADJ 2), χάριν (NOUN 40, ADP 7), ὥρα (NOUN 31, VERB 7), δικαιοσύνης (NOUN 29, ADJ 1), ἀρχήν (NOUN 21, ADV 1), ἡμέρης (NOUN 21, ADJ 1), δόξῃ (NOUN 20, VERB 2), βαρβάρων (NOUN 19, ADJ 1), Πέρσην (NOUN 17, PROPN 1), ἱρὸν (NOUN 17, ADJ 3)

Morphology

The form / lemma ratio of NOUN is 2.527461 (the average of all parts of speech is 3.412038).

The 1st highest number of forms (25) was observed with the lemma “ἀδελφός”: ἀδελφέ, ἀδελφεοί, ἀδελφεούς, ἀδελφεοὶ, ἀδελφεοὺς, ἀδελφεοῖσι, ἀδελφεοῦ, ἀδελφεόν, ἀδελφεός, ἀδελφεὸν, ἀδελφεὸς, ἀδελφεῶν, ἀδελφεῷ, ἀδελφοί, ἀδελφούς, ἀδελφοὶ, ἀδελφοὺς, ἀδελφοῖς, ἀδελφοῦ, ἀδελφόν, ἀδελφός, ἀδελφὸν, ἀδελφὸς, ἀδελφῶν, ἀδελφῷ.

The 2nd highest number of forms (18) was observed with the lemma “γυνή”: γυνή, γυναικί, γυναικός, γυναικὶ, γυναικὸς, γυναικῶν, γυναιξί, γυναιξίν, γυναιξὶ, γυναιξὶν, γυναῖκά, γυναῖκάς, γυναῖκές, γυναῖκα, γυναῖκας, γυναῖκες, γυνὴ, γύναι.

The 3rd highest number of forms (16) was observed with the lemma “θεός”: θεέ, θεοί, θεούς, θεοὶ, θεοὺς, θεοῖς, θεοῖσι, θεοῖσιν, θεοῦ, θεόν, θεός, θεὸν, θεὸς, θεῶ, θεῶν, θεῷ.

NOUN occurs with 3 features: grc-feat/Case (34381; 100% instances), grc-feat/Number (34381; 100% instances), grc-feat/Gender (34380; 100% instances)

NOUN occurs with 12 feature-value pairs: Case=Acc, Case=Dat, Case=Gen, Case=Nom, Case=Voc, Gender=Fem, Gender=Fem,Masc, Gender=Masc, Gender=Masc,Neut, Gender=Neut, Number=Plur, Number=Sing

NOUN occurs with 43 feature combinations. The most frequent feature combination is Case=Acc|Gender=Fem|Number=Sing (3805 tokens). Examples: πόλιν, γῆν, θάλασσαν, γυναῖκα, βασιλείαν, ὁδὸν, ἐξουσίαν, ἡμέραν, πίστιν, χώρην

Relations

NOUN nodes are attached to their parents using 18 different relations: grc-dep/nmod (9963; 29% instances), grc-dep/dobj (6507; 19% instances), grc-dep/nsubj (5409; 16% instances), grc-dep/iobj (4858; 14% instances), grc-dep/conj (2824; 8% instances), grc-dep/appos (1196; 3% instances), grc-dep/nsubjpass (961; 3% instances), grc-dep/root (753; 2% instances), grc-dep/xcomp (562; 2% instances), grc-dep/vocative (560; 2% instances), grc-dep/remnant (393; 1% instances), grc-dep/advcl (190; 1% instances), grc-dep/ccomp (133; 0% instances), grc-dep/advmod (100; 0% instances), grc-dep/parataxis (21; 0% instances), grc-dep/aux (8; 0% instances), grc-dep/csubjpass (6; 0% instances), grc-dep/dep (1; 0% instances)

Parents of NOUN nodes belong to 14 different parts of speech: VERB (22209; 64% instances), NOUN (7251; 21% instances), ADJ (1718; 5% instances), PROPN (950; 3% instances), ROOT (753; 2% instances), ADV (634; 2% instances), PRON (579; 2% instances), NUM (136; 0% instances), ADP (96; 0% instances), CONJ (43; 0% instances), SCONJ (41; 0% instances), INTJ (30; 0% instances), DET (3; 0% instances), X (2; 0% instances)

6098 (18%) NOUN nodes are leaves.

12042 (35%) NOUN nodes have one child.

10038 (29%) NOUN nodes have two children.

6267 (18%) NOUN nodes have three or more children.

The highest child degree of a NOUN node is 29.

Children of NOUN nodes are attached using 26 different relations: grc-dep/det (18160; 33% instances), grc-dep/nmod (12252; 22% instances), grc-dep/case (8238; 15% instances), grc-dep/amod (3063; 6% instances), grc-dep/cc (3020; 5% instances), grc-dep/conj (2820; 5% instances), grc-dep/acl (1685; 3% instances), grc-dep/cop (1020; 2% instances), grc-dep/appos (954; 2% instances), grc-dep/nummod (859; 2% instances), grc-dep/nsubj (790; 1% instances), grc-dep/discourse (660; 1% instances), grc-dep/advmod (483; 1% instances), grc-dep/remnant (419; 1% instances), grc-dep/neg (201; 0% instances), grc-dep/mark (172; 0% instances), grc-dep/advcl (159; 0% instances), grc-dep/ccomp (137; 0% instances), grc-dep/iobj (84; 0% instances), grc-dep/vocative (53; 0% instances), grc-dep/dobj (19; 0% instances), grc-dep/parataxis (9; 0% instances), grc-dep/aux (4; 0% instances), grc-dep/mwe (3; 0% instances), grc-dep/dep (2; 0% instances), grc-dep/xcomp (1; 0% instances)

Children of NOUN nodes belong to 13 different parts of speech: DET (18159; 33% instances), ADP (8245; 15% instances), NOUN (7251; 13% instances), ADJ (5703; 10% instances), PRON (5138; 9% instances), VERB (3599; 7% instances), CONJ (3024; 5% instances), PROPN (1712; 3% instances), ADV (1225; 2% instances), NUM (916; 2% instances), SCONJ (176; 0% instances), INTJ (117; 0% instances), X (2; 0% instances)


NOUN in other languages: [am] [ar] [bg] [bxr] [ca] [ckb] [cop] [cs] [cu] [da] [de] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fa] [fi] [fo] [fr] [ga] [gl] [got] [grc] [he] [hi] [hr] [hu] [id] [it] [ja] [kk] [kmr] [ko] [la] [lv] [mr] [nl] [no] [pl] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sa] [sk] [sla] [sl] [so] [sr] [sv] [swl] [ta] [tr] [ug] [uk] [u] [urj] [ur] [vi] [yue] [zh]