home grc/pos edit page issue tracker

This page still pertains to UD version 1.

ADV: adverb

Definition

Adverbs can be morphologically defined as a set of words whose form is fixed. A number of adverbs were originally nouns in a certain case (see, for example, the adverbial accusative in Smyth 1920: 361).

Syntactically, adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. Adverbs have to be distinguished from particles, even though the criteria for such distinction are not always clear-cut (see definition for PART).

Examples

References

Smyth, Herbert Weir. 1920. A Greek Grammar for Colleges. New York: American Book Company (Perseus Digital Library; Internet Archive).


Treebank Statistics (UD_Ancient_Greek)

There are 1120 ADV lemmas (7%), 1468 ADV types (3%) and 38479 ADV tokens (16%). Out of 13 observed tags, the rank of ADV is: 4 in number of lemmas, 4 in number of types and 3 in number of tokens.

The 10 most frequent ADV lemmas: δέ, τε, οὐ, μέν, καί, γάρ, ἄν, ὡς, γε, δή

The 10 most frequent ADV types: δ̓, δὲ, καὶ, μὲν, τε, γὰρ, οὐ, δέ, οὐκ, ἂν

The 10 most frequent ambiguous lemmas: δέ (ADV 8850, CONJ 990), τε (ADV 2569, CONJ 154), οὐ (ADV 2402, CONJ 5), καί (CONJ 5640, ADV 2166, SCONJ 1), ἄν (ADV 1268, SCONJ 7, CONJ 1), ὡς (ADV 811, SCONJ 765, CONJ 69, ADP 9, INTJ 3), ἀλλά (CONJ 713, ADV 545, SCONJ 1), μή (ADV 480, CONJ 234, SCONJ 106), ἀτάρ (ADV 331, CONJ 14), οὐδέ (ADV 292, CONJ 77, X 5)

The 10 most frequent ambiguous types: δ̓ (ADV 4234, CONJ 235, X 2), δὲ (ADV 3835, CONJ 844, X 1), καὶ (CONJ 5419, ADV 2129, SCONJ 1), τε (ADV 1805, CONJ 122), οὐ (ADV 1315, CONJ 2, NOUN 2), δέ (ADV 792, CONJ 33, X 4), οὐκ (ADV 744, CONJ 1), ἂν (ADV 688, SCONJ 22, ADP 14, CONJ 4), τ̓ (ADV 591, CONJ 22, PRON 10), ὣς (ADV 419, CONJ 22, SCONJ 5)

Morphology

The form / lemma ratio of ADV is 1.310714 (the average of all parts of speech is 3.041201).

The 1st highest number of forms (16) was observed with the lemma “οὐ”: δέ, δὲ, κοὐ, κοὐκ, κοὐχ, κοὐχὶ, οὐ, οὐ, οὐκ, οὐκὶ, οὐχ, οὐχί, οὐχὶ, οὒ, οὔ, οὔκ.

The 2nd highest number of forms (11) was observed with the lemma “ἄν”: κ̓, κέ, κέν, κε, κεν, κἂν, τἂν, χ̓, ἂν, ἃν, ἄν.

The 3rd highest number of forms (11) was observed with the lemma “ἄρα”: τἄῤ, τἄρα, ἂρ, ἄρ, ἄῤ, ἄρα, ῤ̓, ῥ̓, ῥά, ῥα, ῥὰ.

ADV occurs with 2 features: grc-feat/Degree (53; 0% instances), grc-feat/Number (1; 0% instances)

ADV occurs with 3 feature-value pairs: Degree=Cmp, Degree=Sup, Number=Sing

ADV occurs with 4 feature combinations. The most frequent feature combination is _ (38425 tokens). Examples: δ̓, δὲ, καὶ, μὲν, τε, γὰρ, οὐ, δέ, οὐκ, ἂν

Relations

ADV nodes are attached to their parents using 13 different relations: grc-dep/advmod (29149; 76% instances), grc-dep/cc (5195; 14% instances), grc-dep/neg (2790; 7% instances), grc-dep/iobj (564; 1% instances), grc-dep/amod (247; 1% instances), grc-dep/mark (216; 1% instances), grc-dep/conj (167; 0% instances), grc-dep/case (79; 0% instances), grc-dep/xcomp (32; 0% instances), grc-dep/root (21; 0% instances), grc-dep/nsubj (11; 0% instances), grc-dep/auxpass (7; 0% instances), grc-dep/mwe (1; 0% instances)

Parents of ADV nodes belong to 14 different parts of speech: VERB (30273; 79% instances), NOUN (3078; 8% instances), ADJ (2634; 7% instances), ADV (1161; 3% instances), PRON (875; 2% instances), CONJ (156; 0% instances), PUNCT (113; 0% instances), DET (78; 0% instances), SCONJ (42; 0% instances), ADP (31; 0% instances), ROOT (21; 0% instances), NUM (15; 0% instances), INTJ (1; 0% instances), X (1; 0% instances)

35975 (93%) ADV nodes are leaves.

1986 (5%) ADV nodes have one child.

332 (1%) ADV nodes have two children.

186 (0%) ADV nodes have three or more children.

The highest child degree of a ADV node is 14.

Children of ADV nodes are attached using 21 different relations: grc-dep/advmod (1080; 32% instances), grc-dep/punct (832; 25% instances), grc-dep/nmod (217; 6% instances), grc-dep/conj (172; 5% instances), grc-dep/cc (168; 5% instances), grc-dep/nsubj (155; 5% instances), grc-dep/neg (154; 5% instances), grc-dep/case (95; 3% instances), grc-dep/advcl (84; 3% instances), grc-dep/dobj (83; 2% instances), grc-dep/det (68; 2% instances), grc-dep/mark (59; 2% instances), grc-dep/xcomp (52; 2% instances), grc-dep/cop (40; 1% instances), grc-dep/acl (37; 1% instances), grc-dep/iobj (29; 1% instances), grc-dep/amod (26; 1% instances), grc-dep/appos (2; 0% instances), grc-dep/mwe (2; 0% instances), grc-dep/auxpass (1; 0% instances), grc-dep/ccomp (1; 0% instances)

Children of ADV nodes belong to 11 different parts of speech: ADV (1161; 35% instances), PUNCT (839; 25% instances), NOUN (405; 12% instances), VERB (267; 8% instances), CONJ (179; 5% instances), ADJ (144; 4% instances), PRON (123; 4% instances), ADP (100; 3% instances), DET (82; 2% instances), SCONJ (56; 2% instances), X (1; 0% instances)


Treebank Statistics (UD_Ancient_Greek-PROIEL)

There are 461 ADV lemmas (5%), 579 ADV types (2%) and 22474 ADV tokens (11%). Out of 13 observed tags, the rank of ADV is: 5 in number of lemmas, 5 in number of types and 4 in number of tokens.

The 10 most frequent ADV lemmas: δέ, οὐ, γάρ, μέν, καί#1, μή, οὖν, δή, ὡς, οὕτω(ς)

The 10 most frequent ADV types: δὲ, γὰρ, καὶ, μὲν, μὴ, οὐκ, οὐ, ὡς, δὴ, οὖν

The 10 most frequent ambiguous lemmas: μή (ADV 1122, SCONJ 40), ὡς (ADV 590, SCONJ 437), (CONJ 384, ADV 126), οὐδέ (CONJ 148, ADV 81), μετά (ADP 553, ADV 67), εὐθύς (ADV 62, ADJ 11), ὀπίσω (ADV 60, ADP 24), ἔξω (ADV 52, ADP 26), ἅμα (ADP 48, ADV 44, SCONJ 1), ὥστε (SCONJ 87, ADV 43)

The 10 most frequent ambiguous types: καὶ (CONJ 10064, ADV 1165), μὴ (ADV 1054, SCONJ 30), ὡς (ADV 584, SCONJ 404), ἂν (ADV 313, SCONJ 1), ὦν (ADV 178, PRON 1), (CONJ 371, ADV 113, DET 1), εἰ (SCONJ 456, ADV 83), ὅτι (SCONJ 1178, ADV 76), μετὰ (ADP 356, ADV 67), οὐδὲ (CONJ 124, ADV 60)

Morphology

The form / lemma ratio of ADV is 1.255965 (the average of all parts of speech is 3.412038).

The 1st highest number of forms (7) was observed with the lemma “οὐ”: οὐ, οὐκ, οὐκὶ, οὐχ, οὒ, οὔ, οὗ.

The 2nd highest number of forms (7) was observed with the lemma “ποτε”: κοτέ, κοτε, κοτὲ, ποκα, ποτέ, ποτε, ποτὲ.

The 3rd highest number of forms (7) was observed with the lemma “ἄν”: κε, κεν, κ’, ἂν, ἄν, ἐάν, ἐὰν.

ADV occurs with 2 features: grc-feat/PronType (1071; 5% instances), grc-feat/Degree (749; 3% instances)

ADV occurs with 5 feature-value pairs: Degree=Cmp, Degree=Pos, Degree=Sup, PronType=Int, PronType=Rel

ADV occurs with 6 feature combinations. The most frequent feature combination is _ (20654 tokens). Examples: δὲ, γὰρ, καὶ, μὲν, μὴ, οὐκ, οὐ, δὴ, οὖν, ὡς

Relations

ADV nodes are attached to their parents using 18 different relations: grc-dep/discourse (11294; 50% instances), grc-dep/advmod (6571; 29% instances), grc-dep/neg (3445; 15% instances), grc-dep/remnant (258; 1% instances), grc-dep/root (222; 1% instances), grc-dep/advcl (166; 1% instances), grc-dep/xcomp (108; 0% instances), grc-dep/amod (106; 0% instances), grc-dep/conj (106; 0% instances), grc-dep/acl (40; 0% instances), grc-dep/appos (38; 0% instances), grc-dep/ccomp (33; 0% instances), grc-dep/dobj (32; 0% instances), grc-dep/nsubj (19; 0% instances), grc-dep/vocative (12; 0% instances), grc-dep/nmod (11; 0% instances), grc-dep/parataxis (9; 0% instances), grc-dep/nsubjpass (4; 0% instances)

Parents of ADV nodes belong to 13 different parts of speech: VERB (17335; 77% instances), ADJ (1630; 7% instances), NOUN (1225; 5% instances), ADV (684; 3% instances), PRON (581; 3% instances), ADP (289; 1% instances), PROPN (227; 1% instances), ROOT (222; 1% instances), SCONJ (116; 1% instances), NUM (86; 0% instances), CONJ (53; 0% instances), INTJ (22; 0% instances), DET (4; 0% instances)

20650 (92%) ADV nodes are leaves.

1238 (6%) ADV nodes have one child.

386 (2%) ADV nodes have two children.

200 (1%) ADV nodes have three or more children.

The highest child degree of a ADV node is 14.

Children of ADV nodes are attached using 23 different relations: grc-dep/nsubj (488; 17% instances), grc-dep/advcl (234; 8% instances), grc-dep/det (219; 8% instances), grc-dep/remnant (212; 8% instances), grc-dep/iobj (191; 7% instances), grc-dep/advmod (190; 7% instances), grc-dep/nmod (190; 7% instances), grc-dep/cc (154; 6% instances), grc-dep/cop (149; 5% instances), grc-dep/discourse (146; 5% instances), grc-dep/neg (125; 4% instances), grc-dep/conj (124; 4% instances), grc-dep/case (84; 3% instances), grc-dep/dobj (82; 3% instances), grc-dep/appos (73; 3% instances), grc-dep/ccomp (68; 2% instances), grc-dep/mark (26; 1% instances), grc-dep/acl (14; 1% instances), grc-dep/vocative (12; 0% instances), grc-dep/amod (8; 0% instances), grc-dep/nummod (2; 0% instances), grc-dep/aux (1; 0% instances), grc-dep/parataxis (1; 0% instances)

Children of ADV nodes belong to 12 different parts of speech: ADV (684; 24% instances), NOUN (634; 23% instances), VERB (537; 19% instances), DET (213; 8% instances), ADJ (182; 7% instances), PRON (158; 6% instances), CONJ (157; 6% instances), PROPN (96; 3% instances), ADP (85; 3% instances), SCONJ (27; 1% instances), NUM (13; 0% instances), INTJ (7; 0% instances)


ADV in other languages: [am] [ar] [bg] [bxr] [ca] [ckb] [cop] [cs] [cu] [da] [de] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fa] [fi] [fo] [fr] [ga] [gl] [got] [grc] [he] [hi] [hr] [hu] [id] [it] [ja] [kk] [kmr] [ko] [la] [lv] [mr] [nl] [no] [pl] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sa] [sk] [sla] [sl] [so] [sr] [sv] [swl] [ta] [tr] [ug] [uk] [u] [urj] [ur] [vi] [yue] [zh]